Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Polymer Science
Volume 2014, Article ID 250782, 9 pages
Research Article

The Modification of Polyurethane Foams Using New Boroorganic Polyols: Obtaining of Polyols with the Use of Hydroxypropyl Urea Derivatives

Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Rzeszow University of Technology, Al. Powstancow Warszawy 6, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland

Received 22 January 2014; Revised 5 March 2014; Accepted 8 March 2014; Published 27 April 2014

Academic Editor: Yulin Deng

Copyright © 2014 Iwona Zarzyka. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. Hill, “Fats and oils as oleochemical raw materials,” Pure and Applied Chemistry, vol. 72, no. 7, pp. 1255–1264, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  2. S. Lu and I. Hamerton, “Recent developments in the chemistry of halogen-free flame retardant polymers,” Progress in Polymer Science, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 1661–1712, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  3. M. Hirschler, in NFPA Fire Protection Handbook, chapter 3, section 6, NFPA, Quincy, Mass, USA, 20th edition, 2008.
  4. J. L. Rivera-Armenta, T. Heinze, and A. M. Mendoza-Martínez, “New polyurethane foams modified with cellulose derivatives,” European Polymer Journal, vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 2803–2812, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. O. Kwon, S. Yang, D. Kim, and J. Park, “Characterization of polyurethane foam prepared by using starch as polyol,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 103, no. 3, pp. 1544–1553, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  6. R. E. Myers, E. D. Dickens Jr., E. Licursi, and R. E. Evans, “Ammonium pentaborate: an intumescent flame retardant for thermoplastic polyurethanes,” Journal of Fire Sciences, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 432–449, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. “Boric acid exhibits very low toxicity by primary skin Irritation, low toxicity by acute oral and inhalation, moderate toxicity by dermal and high toxicity by primary eye irritation,”
  8. Boric Acid/Sodium Borate Salts: HED Chapter of the Tolerance Reassessment Elegibility Decision Document (TRED), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances, Health Effects Division, U.S Government Printing Offices, Washington, DC, USA, 2006.
  9. WHO, Environmental Health Criteria 204: Boron, International Programme on Chemical Safety, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1998.
  11. K. Grice, H. Sattar, and H. Baker, “Urea and retinoic acid in ichthyosis and their effect on transepidermal water loss and water holding capacity of stratum corneum,” Acta Dermato-Venereologica, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 114–118, 1973. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. H. Jacoby and J. J. H. Gilkes, “A new urea/hydrocortisone powder cream compared with other topical corticosteroid preparations: a six centre study,” Current Medical Research and Opinion, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 474–481, 1974. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Kucharski and D. Kijowska, “Synthesis of polyetherols from melamine and propylene carbonate. II,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 104–115, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Polish (European) Standards: PN-EN, 13346:2002.
  15. J. Niziol, W. Rode, B. Laskowska, and T. Ruman, “Novel monoisotopic109AgNPET for laser desorption/Ionization mass spectrometry,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 1926–1931, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  16. Ch. Pauchert and J. Behnke, The Aldrich Library of 13C and 1H-NMR Spectra, vol. 1, uk, 2nd edition, 1993.
  17. V. Nedel’ko, Y. Mikhailov, N. Chukanov, V. Saldin, L. Ganina, and V. Buznik, “The thermal decomposition of hexamethylenetetraammonium dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborate,” Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 26–32, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  18. H. A. Reed, C. E. White, V. Rao, S. A. B. Allen, C. L. Henderson, and P. A. Kohl, “Fabrication of microchannels using polycarbonates as sacrificial materials,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 733–737, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. W. H. Awad and C. A. Wilkie, “Investigation of the thermal degradation of polyurea: the effect of ammonium polyphosphate and expandable graphite,” Polymer, vol. 51, no. 11, pp. 2277–2285, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. Z. Wirpsza, Polyurethanes: Chemistry, Technology, Applications, Wydawnictwa Naukowo-Techniczne, Warsaw, Poland, 5th edition, 1991.