International Journal of Polymer Science / 2014 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Fibrous Agricultural Biomass as a Potential Source for Bioconversion to Vanillic Acid

Table 5

Cell growth (based on dry cell weight) and vanillic acid yield from fermentation Aspergillus niger I-1472 on lignin-free liquor produced from six different biomasses through alkaline and organosolv treatment at 120°C for an hour ; .

BiomassOrganosolv treatmentAlkaline treatment
Cell growth dry cell weight)
g L−1)
Vanillic acid yield
mg L−1)
Cell growth (dry cell weight)
g L−1)
Vanillic acid yield
mg L−1)

Blank9.13 ± 0.8n.d
Control8.40 ± 0.52.74 ± 0.28
EFB15.57 ± 2.07n.d11.17 ± 1.43n.d
CCF13.33 ± 0.80n.d11.67 ± 0.40n.d
PP12.93 ± 0.301.21 ± 0.2011.57 ± 1.331.05 ± 0.05
PCL14.90 ± 0.270.82 ± 0.0211.77 ± 0.500.53 ± 0.11
KB14.77 ± 2.27n.d12.00 ± 1.27n.d
KC15.53 ± 0.60n.d11.80 ± 1.00n.d

(a) EFBF: palm oil empty fruit bunch fiber; CCF: coconut coir fiber; PP: pineapple peel; PCL: pineapple crown leaves; KBF: kenaf bast fiber; KCF: kenaf core fiber.
(b) n.d means not detected.

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