International Journal of Polymer Science / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Suitability of Aquatic Plant Fibers for Handmade Papermaking

Table 2

Types of paper produced from aquatic and other nonwood plant species.

SpeciesPartParameter testedPaper properties testedPaper typesReference (s)

(1) Eichhornia crassipes Physical propertiesFiber dimension, derived value Greaseproof paper Goswami and Saikia [23]
LfChemical propertiesCellulose, hemicelluloses, pentosan
Paper propertiesDegree of freeness, burst index, tear index, tensile index

(2) Arundo donax Physical propertiesFiber dimension, derived value Printing and writing paper
InChemical propertiesCellulose, lignin, ashVerveris et al. [5]
Paper propertiesSlenderness ratio, tearing resistance

(3) Musa paradisiaca SPhysical propertiesFiber dimension, derived value Greaseproof paper Goswami et al. [24]
Chemical propertiesCellulose, hemicelluloses, lignin, ash, silica
Paper propertiesBurst index, tear index, tensile index, blister, double-fold number, degree of freeness

(4) Saccharum sp. Physical propertiesFiber dimension, derived value Writing and printing paper Agnihotri et al. [25]
BgChemical propertiesHolocellulose, cellulose, hemicelluloses, ash, silica
Paper propertiesTensile index, tear index, burst index, double-fold number

(5) Zea mays RsPhysical propertiesFiber dimension, derived valueFiber plate, rigid cardboard and cardboard paper Kiaei et al. [26]
Chemical propertiesCellulose, lignin, ash

(6) Bambusa tulda StPhysical propertiesFiber dimension, derived value Writing and printing paper Sharma et al. [27]
Chemical propertiesCellulose, holocellulose, lignin, ash

(7) Brassica napus StPhysical propertiesFiber dimension, derived value Composites, paper and paperboard Tofanica et al. [22]
Chemical propertiesCellulose, holocellulose, pentosan, lignin, ash, silica

Aquatic plants (no. 1-2); crop plants (no. 3–5); commercial plants (no. 6); vegetable plants (no. 7). Lf: leaf; In: internode; S: stem; Bg: bagasse; Rs: residue; St: stalk.