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International Journal of Polymer Science
Volume 2015, Article ID 386251, 13 pages
Research Article

Evaluation of Microcrystalline Chitosan and Fibrin Membranes as Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-BB Carriers with Amoxicillin

1Department of Applied Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Lodz, 90-151 Łódź, Poland
2Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical University of Lodz, 90-549 Łódź, Poland
3Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibres, 90-570 Łódź, Poland
4Department of Pharmaceutical Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Lodz, 90-151 Łódź, Poland

Received 26 September 2014; Accepted 21 December 2014

Academic Editor: Long Yu

Copyright © 2015 Kazimiera H. Bodek et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of this study was to describe the mechanical and sorption features of homogeneous and composite membranes which consist of microcrystalline chitosan (MCCh) and fibrin (Fb) in various proportions as well as the in vitro kinetics of platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) released from ten types of membranes in the presence or absence of amoxicillin (Am). The films were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, mechanical tests: breaking strength (Bs) and elongation at break (Eb), as well as SEM images, and swelling study. The influence of the form of samples (dry or wet) on Young’s modulus (E) was also examined. The homogeneous MCCh (M1) and composite M3 and M4 (MCCh : Fb = 2 : 1 and 1 : 1) membranes were characterized by good sorption properties and higher mechanical strength, when compared with Fb (M2) membrane. Connecting MCCh with Fb decreases release of PDGF-BB and increases release of Am. The most efficient release of PDGF-BB was observed in the case of M4 (the optimum MCCh : Fb ratio was 1 : 1) membrane. It was found that the degree of PDGF-BB release from the membrane is influenced by the physicochemical and mechanical characteristics of the films and by its affinity to growth factor PDGF-BB.