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International Journal of Polymer Science
Volume 2016, Article ID 1648920, 8 pages
Research Article

Utilization of Waste Clay from Boron Production in Bituminous Geosynthetic Barrier (GBR-B) Production as Landfill Liner

1Department of Environmental Engineering, Anadolu University, Iki Eylül Campus, 26555 Eskişehir, Turkey
2Anadolu University, Iki Eylül Campus, Research Institute of Earth and Space Sciences, 26555 Eskişehir, Turkey
3Department of Civil Engineering, Anadolu University, Iki Eylül Campus, 26555 Eskişehir, Turkey
4Department of Chemical Engineering, Anadolu University, Iki Eylül Campus, 26555 Eskişehir, Turkey

Received 9 December 2015; Accepted 28 January 2016

Academic Editor: Matheus Poletto

Copyright © 2016 Müfide Banar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Bituminous geomembranes, one type of geosynthetics, include a hot bituminous mixture with mineral filler and reinforcement. In this study, boron production waste clay (CW) was used as filler to produce a geosynthetic barrier with bentonite, waste tire, and bitumen. Bentonite and waste tires were used as auxiliary fillers and bitumen as the binder. CW/bitumen, CW/bentonite/bitumen, and CW/waste tire/bitumen mixtures were prepared by using a laboratory mixer at 100°C. Hot mixtures were extruded into strips by using a lab-scale corotating twin screw extruder (L/D: 40) followed by die casting (2 mm × 100 mm). Glass fleece or nonwoven polyester was used as reinforcement material and while die casting, both sides of the reinforcement materials were covered with bituminous mixture. Thickness, mass per unit area, tensile strength, elongation at yield, and hydraulic conductivity were used to characterize the geomembranes. Among all geomembranes, nonwoven polyester covered with 30% bitumen-70% boron waste clay mixture (PK-BTM30CW70) was found to be the most promising in terms of structure and mechanical behaviour. After that, consequences of its exposure to distilled water (DW), municipal solid waste landfill leachate (L-MSW), and hazardous waste landfill leachate (L-HW) were examined to use for an innovative impermeable liner on solid waste landfills.