Table 1: Standards for determining formaldehyde emission from wood-based panels in China, USA, Europe, and Japan.

StandardLimit valueGradeTesting methodApplication scope

EN13986:2005≤3.5 mg/(m2·h)
≤8 mg/(m2·h)
E1Gas analysisPlywood
E2
≤8 mg/100 g
≤30 mg/100 g
E1
E2
PerforationMDF
PB

Formaldehyde Emission
Standards for Composite Wood Act (S.1660, H.R.4805)
≤0.05 ppm
≤0.09 ppm
≤0.11 ppm
≤0.13 ppm
‚ÄČChamberPlywood
PB
MDF
≤8 mm MDF

JIS A 1460-2001≤0.3/0.4 mg/L
≤0.5/0.7 mg/L
≤1.5/2.1 mg/L
F☆☆☆☆
F☆☆☆
F☆☆
DesiccatorPlywood
MDF
PB

GB/T9846.3-2004≤0.5 mg/LE0DesiccatorPlywood

GB18580-2001≤1.5 mg/L
≤5.0 mg/L
E1
E2
DesiccatorPlywood
≤9 mg/100 g
≤30 mg/100 g
E1
E2
PerforationMDF
PB