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International Journal of Polymer Science
Volume 2019, Article ID 5623873, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/5623873
Research Article

Investigation of the Specific Retention Volume of the Probe Volume and the Effects on the Polymer-Probe System by Inverse Gas Chromatography

Department of Chemistry, Van Yüzüncü Yıl University, 65080 Van, Turkey

Correspondence should be addressed to Mustafa Hamdi Karagöz; rt.moc.oohay@zogarakhm

Received 28 November 2018; Revised 12 March 2019; Accepted 16 April 2019; Published 21 May 2019

Academic Editor: Cornelia Vasile

Copyright © 2019 Mustafa Hamdi Karagöz. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In this study, the effects of probe quantities on retention volume and the physical and thermodynamic results of polymer-probe systems were investigated. For this purpose, by using inverse gas chromatographic method. Alcohols and alkanes with different chemical and physical properties were injected as probes on homopolymer (2-cyclohexylidene-1,3-dioxolane-4-yl-methyl methacrylate) (CHMMA). Probe quantities of 0.3, 0.6, and 0.9 μl were selected, and an injection was made at every 10°C between 40 and 150°C. In addition, 3 μl volume probes were tried but reproducible results were not obtained in these volumes and the detector was observed to be out of order after several injections. It has been observed that the specific retention volume of alcohols and alkanes partially increased by increasing the injection amount. A linear relationship was observed between probe quantities and specific retention volume. This linear relationship is apparent from the specific retention volume values, where the probes are independent of the physical and chemical structures. It was observed that the results obtained in all three injections were close to each other and within acceptable limits. The glass transition temperature of the polymer was determined to be a of 60°C. The thermodynamic data calculated for the injection of different amounts of probes were close to each other.