Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Rheumatology
Volume 2013, Article ID 875369, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/875369
Research Article

Comparison of the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Activity Questionnaire and the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index in a Black Barbadian Population

1Chronic Disease Research Centre, Tropical Medicine Research Institute, The University of the West Indies (UWI), Jemmott’s Lane, St. Michael, Bridgetown BB11115, Barbados
2Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies (UWI), Cave Hill Campus, St. Michael, Bridgetown BB11000, Barbados

Received 24 June 2013; Accepted 10 September 2013

Academic Editor: Lilian Ghandour

Copyright © 2013 Kim R. Quimby et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. J. McCarty, S. Manzi, T. A. Medsger Jr., R. Ramsey-Goldman, R. E. LaPorte, and C. K. Kwoh, “Incidence of systemic lupus erythematosus: race and gender differences,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 1260–1270, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. Bernatsky, J. Boivin, L. Joseph et al., “Mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 54, no. 8, pp. 2550–2557, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. C. Hochberg, “Mortality from systemic lupus erythematosus in England and Wales, 1974–1983,” The British Journal of Rheumatology, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 437–441, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. “Trends in deaths from systemic lupus erythematosus—United States, 1979–1998,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 51, no. 17, pp. 371–374, 2002.
  5. C. Flower, A. J. M. Hennis, I. R. Hambleton, G. D. Nicholson, and M. H. Liang, “Systemic lupus erythematosus in an Afro-Caribbean population: incidence, clinical manifestations and survival in the Barbados national lupus registry,” Arthritis Care and Research, vol. 64, no. 8, pp. 1151–1158, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  6. A. Vasudevan and A. N. Krishnamurthy, “Changing worldwide epidemiology of systemic lupus erythematosus,” Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. US Census Bureau DIS, International Programs, International Data Base [Internet], http://www.census.gov/population/international/data/idb/region.php.
  8. “Guidelines for referral and management of systemic lupus erythematosus in adults,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 1785–1796, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. M. Mosca, C. Tani, M. Aringer et al., “European league against rheumatism recommendations for monitoring patients with systemic lupus erythematosus in clinical practice and in observational studies,” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 69, no. 7, pp. 1269–1274, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. H. Flower, A. J. M. Hennis, and M. H. Liang, “Report of an international symposium on narrowing the Gap in the treatment and study of SLE worldwide: minimum best practices in the management and monitoring of moderate to severe SLE and improving outcomes in constrained environments,” Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 105–112, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. W. Karlson, L. H. Daltroy, C. Rivest et al., “Validation of a systemic lupus activity questionnaire (SLAQ) for population studies,” Lupus, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 280–286, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Jolly, M. Ishimori, I. Moldovan, E. Katsaros et al., “What does patient-reported systemic lupus activity questionnaire (SLAQ) measure?” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 60, supplement 10, p. 295, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. M. F. Bakker, J. W. G. Jacobs, S. M. M. Verstappen, and J. W. J. Bijlsma, “Tight control in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis: efficacy and feasibility,” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 66, supplement 3, pp. iii56–iii60, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Mosca, D. T. Boumpas, I. N. Bruce et al., “Treat-to-target in systemic lupus erythematosus: where are we today?” Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, vol. 30, no. 4, supplement 73, pp. S112–S115, 2012. View at Google Scholar