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International Journal of Rheumatology
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 1847894, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1847894
Research Article

Relative Risk Chart Score for the Assessment of the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis

1Epidemiology, Genetics and Atherosclerosis Research Group on Systemic Inflammatory Diseases, Division of Rheumatology, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, IDIVAL, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain
2Division of Rheumatology, Hospital Comarcal, Laredo, Cantabria, Spain
3Division of Cardiology, Hospital Lucus Augusti, Lugo, Spain
4Division of Rheumatology, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (IDISSC), Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to Miguel A. González-Gay; moc.liamtoh@yaggaleugim

Received 5 October 2017; Revised 14 January 2018; Accepted 17 January 2018; Published 15 February 2018

Academic Editor: Bruce M. Rothschild

Copyright © 2018 Javier Rueda-Gotor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To determine if the use of the relative risk (RR) chart score may help to identify young ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients at high risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Methods. 73 AS patients younger than 50 years were assessed. CV risk was calculated according to the total cholesterol systematic coronary risk evaluation (TC-SCORE) and the RR chart score. C-reactive protein (CRP) value at disease diagnosis and carotid ultrasound data were also analyzed. Results. Twenty (27.4%) patients exhibited carotid plaques being classified into the category of very high CV risk. None of them was found to have a high/very high TC-SCORE. CRP > 3 mg/L at disease diagnosis was associated with the presence of carotid plaques (odds ratio 5.66, ). Whereas only 5 (14.2%) of the 35 patients with RR = 1 had carotid plaques, 15 (39.5%) of 38 with RR > 1 showed plaques. A model that included the performance of carotid US in patients with RR > 1 who had CRP > 3 mg/L allowed us to identify 60% of very high risk patients, with a specificity of 77.4%. Conclusions. RR chart score assessment may help to identify young AS patients at high risk of CV disease.