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International Journal of Rheumatology
Volume 2019, Article ID 7974534, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/7974534
Research Article

Vertebral Fractures among Patients Referred for Bone Densitometry Screening in Dubai Primary Health Care Facilities

1Elderly Care Unit, Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE
2Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE
3Strategy & Governance Department, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE

Correspondence should be addressed to Anood Jamal Alshaali; ea.vog.ahd@ilaahslaha

Received 15 October 2018; Revised 24 January 2019; Accepted 14 February 2019; Published 6 March 2019

Academic Editor: Bruce M. Rothschild

Copyright © 2019 Anood Jamal Alshaali et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Vertebral fractures are one of the most common fractures associated with low bone mineral density. However two-thirds to three-fourths of patients with vertebral fractures are not clinically recognized. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of vertebral fractures in patients referred for bone densitometry and the most common site of fracture. The study was carried out in the osteoporosis clinic in Dubai primary health care center. A total of 120 patients were examined using the dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Of all the patients, 48.3% were osteoporotic and 40.9% were osteopenic. The overall prevalence of vertebral fracture was 14.2%. The result showed that the prevalence of vertebral fracture was higher in female compared to male (15.7% and 9.7%, respectively). It was found that patients aged 80 and above had the highest prevalence of vertebral fracture (54.5%). Undiagnosed vertebral fractures were common. Therefore, it is crucial to prevent vertebral fracture through early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of osteoporosis.