Table 5: Hardware performance comparison.

Implement Main chip GFlops

GRAPE-4 cluster [7]ASIC1080
GRAPE-6 cluster [9]ASIC1349
GRAPE-8 board [8]ASIC960
Lienhart et al.’s work [12]FPGA3.9
Spurzem et al.’s work [13]FPGA4.3
Hamada et al.’s Bioler-3 [4]FPGA324.2
GPU cluster [14]GPU781
Sozzo et al.’s work [15]FPGA46.55
Our WorkFPGA503.5