International Journal of Rotating Machinery
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Acceptance rate29%
Submission to final decision65 days
Acceptance to publication21 days
CiteScore2.700
Journal Citation Indicator0.290
Impact Factor-

Experimental and Numerical Studies of the Film Cooling Effectiveness Downstream of a Curved Diffusion Film Cooling Hole

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 Journal profile

International Journal of Rotating Machinery publishes original research articles as well as review articles on all types of rotating machinery employing gas, vapor, particle, liquid, and their mixtures (including slurry) as the working substances.

 Editor spotlight

Chief Editor, Professor Amano, is based at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee and his research concentrates on the enhancement of energy production using wind, biomass, alternate fuels, and fossil energy sources.

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Research Article

Type Synthesis Based on Modular Combination with Virtual Rotation Center and Application

Type synthesis of mechanical structure is of great significance to the realization of mechanism target function, systematization, and stability of mechanical device. The type synthesis method of multilinkage robot has been given high demands with increasing number of degrees of freedom and high flexibility in special occasions. In order to improve the workspace and flexibility of mechanism, this paper studies the existing type synthesis theory and proposes a type synthesis method of modular combination with virtual rotation centers. Firstly, modular units are built. Secondly, modular units are expanded according to the needed paths. In the end, the expanded modular units are combined to form the kinematic linkages. Based on the proposed method, the configuration design of the aerial working platform and the self-adaptive levelling platform is completed. The stabilities of two platforms are checked by modal analysis. The prototype products are manufactured, respectively, for further verifying validity of the method. The designed aerial working platform with virtual rotation centers can achieve 360° rotating large workspace, more compact mechanical structure, and short arrival time at the same height than the common scissor-type and mast-type aerial working platforms. The designed adaptive levelling platform is tested that ensures the levelling of the upper surface at different inclinations. The method can provide new idea for the mechanism configuration and expand the application scope of new mechanisms.

Research Article

Effect of Pole Number on Generator End Winding Electromagnetic Force and Mechanical Response before and after RISC

This paper comparatively studies on the end winding electromagnetic force and mechanical response for generators with different numbers of poles. The analytical expression of the end winding electromagnetic force is derived under the rotor winding interturn short circuit (RISC) considering the pole number. Meanwhile, the three-dimensional transient finite element simulation is carried on two generators with one-pair poles and three-pair poles. Then, the frequency composition and amplitude variation characteristics of the radial, axial, and tangential electromagnetic forces are analyzed. Further, the maximum stress and deformation on the end winding are calculated and the similarity and difference of the coil failure law are obtained for two kinds of generators. It is found that RISC will bring odd harmonics to electromagnetic force for one-pair pole generators but it will bring odd and fraction harmonics for multipair pole generators. Moreover, the max mechanical response under RISC will decrease for one-pair pole generators but it will increase for multipair pole generators.

Research Article

Experimental Research on the Similarity of Rime Icing on a Cylinder Rotating around Its Horizontal Axis

Ice accumulation on the blade of a wind turbine surface seriously threatens the operational safety of the turbine; therefore, the research on this problem is very important. In this paper, a new similarity criterion of icing shape for a rotational model was proposed based on the similarity criterion for translational motion models in the aviation field, and experimental studies on the similarity of the rotational model icing were carried out. To validate the similarity criterion, icing wind tunnel tests were carried out with aluminum cylinders with diameters of 40 mm and 20 mm. Key parameters for the experiment, such as wind speed, temperature, liquid water content, medium volume diameter, and test time, were selected based on the criterion. All the icing tests were carried out in a new self-designed icing wind tunnel test system based on natural low-temperature conditions. The icing shapes observed in the tests were confirmed after many repetitions. To quantitatively analyze the similarity between different sizes of ice shapes, a dimensionless method for evaluating the similarity of ice shapes of different sizes was defined based on the typical characteristics of ice shapes. The research results show that the similarity score between two sizes of ice shapes under different test conditions is 81%~90%. The accuracy and applicability of the icing shape similarity criterion were thus validated. The research results in this paper lay a theoretical and experimental foundation for exploring the icing shape similarity of a rotating model.

Research Article

Analysis of the Rotor Magnetomotive Force of Built-In Radial Permanent Magnet Generator for Vehicle

Permanent magnet generator (PMG) for vehicles has attracted more and more attention because of its high efficiency, high power density, and high reliability. However, the weak main air-gap magnetic field can affect the output performance and the normal use of electrical equipment. Aiming at the problem, this paper took the rotor magnetomotive force (MMF), the direct influencing parameter of the main air-gap magnetic field, as the research object, deduced the analytical expression of rotor MMF of the built-in radial PMG in detail, and analyzed its main influencing factors in analytical expression, including the permanent magnet steel (PMS) material, the thickness of PMS in magnetizing direction, the vertical length of the inner side of PMS, and the effective calculation length of PMS. Based on this, the rotor parameters were optimized to obtain the best values. After that, the finite element simulation and prototype test of the optimized generator were carried out. The comparative analysis results showed that the optimized rotor parameters could effectively improve the rotor MMF and optimize the output performance of the generator.

Research Article

Structures Dynamic Property Analysis of Elastic Composite Cylindrical Rolling Element

Elastic composite cylindrical roller bearing is a novel type of roller bearing whose rolling element is designed by innovating the rolling element structure of cylindrical roller bearings. For the purpose of investigating the dynamic properties of the rolling elements with different structural parameters and solving the modes of elastic composite cylindrical rolling element with different filling degrees, first, this study compares elastic composite cylindrical rolling element to solid cylindrical rolling element, in terms of natural frequency and vibration mode. Next, the integration time step is determined, based on the natural frequency of the vibration in the Y direction, the response of various rolling element, under impact loads, is solved. Furthermore, the laws of the energy changes and nodal displacement variations of rolling element are explored, at different filling degrees. Finally, adopting the decay method, the damping ratio of elastic composite cylindrical rolling element, under different structural parameters and external loads, is calculated. According to the results, with the increase of filling degree, the natural frequencies of various orders of elastic composite cylindrical rolling element gradually declined. The damping ratio of rolling elements decreased, as the filling degree increased, while it could be changed by adjusting the structural dimensions of rolling elements. The analysis results of this study provide some theoretical reference for studies on the parameter optimization of rolling element structures, the vibration and noise reduction of elastic composite cylindrical roller bearings.

Research Article

Experimental Film Cooling Effectiveness of Three-Hole-Branch Circular Holes

A three-hole-branch geometry for film cooling is proposed. Each branch is made up of a streamwise 30°-angled circular hole with a circular hole of the same diameter on each side of it. These three holes share the same inlet area on the coolant supply side. Three side hole inclination angles of 30°, 37.5°, and 45° and three branch angles (the angle between the main and side holes) generated nine configurations that were tested for four blowing ratios of 0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2. To their benefits, these straight-through circular holes could easily be laser drilled on the airfoils or other gas turbine hot section surfaces. For comparative evaluation of these film hole geometries, the commonly used 7°-7°-7° diffusion hole geometry with the same inlet hole diameter was tested as a baseline under otherwise identical conditions. The pressure-sensitive paint (PSP) technique was utilized to test these geometries for their film cooling effectiveness. Depending on the branch geometry, for the same amount of coolant, some configurations were found to be superior to the baseline case for stream- or spanwise film cooling distributions while for the steeper side hole angles, these branched holes did not perform as well as the baseline case. The main conclusion is that the three holes with the same inclination angle of 30° exhibited the best film cooling effectiveness performance including the baseline geometry.

International Journal of Rotating Machinery
 Journal metrics
See full report
Acceptance rate29%
Submission to final decision65 days
Acceptance to publication21 days
CiteScore2.700
Journal Citation Indicator0.290
Impact Factor-
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