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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 9 (2003), Issue 1, Pages 35-40

Erosion Testing of Coatings for V-22 Aircraft Applications

1Naval Air Station, Patuxent River, Maryland, USA
2Department of AE&EM, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA

Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


High-velocity (183 m/sec) sand erosion tests in a wind tunnel were conducted to evaluate developmental coatings from three separate companies under funding by the Navy's phase I small business innovative research program. The purpose of the coatings was to address a particular problem the V-22 tilt-rotor aircraft (Osprey) was having with regard to ingestion of sand particles by a titanium impeller that was associated with the aircraft's environmental control system. The three coatings that were deposited on titanium substrates and erosion-tested included (1) SixCy/DLC multilayers deposited by chemical vapor deposition (CVD); (2) WC/TaC/TiC processed by electrospark deposition; and (3) polymer ceramic mixtures applied by means of an aqueous synthesis. The erosion test results are presented; they provided the basis for assessing the suitability of some of these coatings for the intended application.