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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 385-391

Darmstadt Rotor No. 2, II: Design of Leaning Rotor Blades

1Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt, Germany
2MTU Aero Engines, Munich, Germany
3Darmstadt University of Technology, Fachbereich 16, Maschinenbau, Petersenstrasse 30, Darmstadt D-64287, Germany

Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


For Darmstadt University of Technology's axial singlestage transonic compressor rig, a new three-dimensional aft-swept rotor was designed and manufactured at MTU Aero Engines in Munich, Germany. The application of carbon fiber–reinforced plastic made it possible to overcome structural constraints and therefore to further increase the amount of lean and sweep of the blade. The aim of the design was to improve the mechanical stability at operation that is close to stall.

To avoid the hazard of rubbing at the blade tip, which is found especially at off-design operating conditions close to the stability limit of the compression system, aft-sweep was introduced together with excessive backward lean.

This article reports an investigation of the impact of various amounts of lean on the aerodynamic behavior of the compressor stage on the basis of steady-state Navier-Stokes simulations. The results indicate that high backward lean promotes an undesirable redistribution of mass flow and gives rise to a basic change in the shock pattern, whereas a forward-leaning geometry results in the development of a highly back-swept shock front. However, the disadvantage is a decrease in shock strength and efficiency.