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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 797841, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/797841
Research Article

Effect of Secondary Flows on Heat Transfer of a Gas Turbine Blade

Mechanical Engineering Department, Benha Faculty of Engineering, Benha University, Benha 13512, Egypt

Received 29 April 2013; Revised 11 August 2013; Accepted 13 August 2013

Academic Editor: Arthur Lees

Copyright © 2013 Hesham M. El-Batsh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study presents experimental and numerical investigation for three-dimensional heat transfer characteristics in a turbine blade. An experimental setup was installed with a turbine cascade of five-blade channels. Blade heat transfer measurements were performed for the middle channel under uniform heat flux boundary conditions. Heat was supplied to the blades using twenty-nine electric heating strips cemented vertically on the outer surface of the blades. Distributions of heat transfer coefficient were obtained at three levels through blade height by measuring surface temperature distribution using thermocouples. To understand heat transfer characteristics, surface static pressure distributions on blade surface were also measured. Numerical investigation was performed as well to extend the investigation to locations other than those measured experimentally. Three-dimensional nonisothermal, turbulent flow was obtained by solving Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations and energy equation. The shear stress transport model was employed to represent turbulent flow. It was found through this study that secondary flow generated by flow deflection increases heat transfer coefficient on the blade suction surface. Separation lines with high heat transfer coefficients were predicted numerically with good agreement with the experimental measurements.