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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 2017, Article ID 3806356, 16 pages
Research Article

Aerothermodynamic Effects and Modeling of the Tangential Curvature of Guide Vanes in an Axial Turbine Stage

Department of Aerospace and Systems Engineering, Feng Chia University, No. 100, Wenhwa Rd., Seatwen, Taichung 40724, Taiwan

Correspondence should be addressed to Tzong-Hann Shieh; wt.ude.ucf@heihsht

Received 16 January 2017; Accepted 20 March 2017; Published 23 May 2017

Academic Editor: Jechin Han

Copyright © 2017 Tzong-Hann Shieh. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


By tangential curvature of the stacking line of the profiles guide vanes can be designed, which have on both ends an obtuse angle between suction side and sidewall. This configuration, according to literature, is capable of reducing secondary loss. This type of vanes develops considerable radial components of the blade force and effects a displacement of the meridional flow towards both sidewalls. In this paper we work with a finite-volume-code for computations of the three-dimensional Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations for an axial turbine stage with radial and two types of tangentially curved guide vanes. With computational results, mathematical formulations are developed for a new flow model of deflection of such blades that are formally compatible with the assumption of a rotation-symmetrical flow and with the existing throughflow codes, in order to predict the deflection angle over the blade height for the tangential leaned and curved blades.