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International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 678530, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/678530
Research Article

Correlation between Abortion and Infertility among Nonsmoking Women with a History of Passive Smoking in Childhood and Adolescence

1Medical Science Research Center, Medical Department, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Tehran, Iran
2Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Tehran, Iran
3Student Research Committee, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Tehran, Iran
4Department of Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Qom Branch, Qom, Iran

Received 17 May 2014; Revised 9 July 2014; Accepted 30 July 2014; Published 13 August 2014

Academic Editor: Stefania A. Nottola

Copyright © 2014 Jila Amirkhani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation of exposing to the cigarette smoke in childhood and adolescence with infertility and abortion in women. This case-control study evaluated 178 women who had been attended to at the Amir-al-Momenin Hospital in Tehran in 2012-2013. Seventy-eight women with chief complaint of abortion, infertility, and missed abortion and 100 healthy women were considered as case and control groups, respectively. The tool was a questionnaire with two parts. In the first part demographic information was gathered and in the second part the information regarding the history of passive smoking in childhood and adolescence period, abortion, and infertility was gathered. The mean age in case and control groups was 26.24 ± 3.1 and 27.3 ± 4.2 years, respectively. The mean body mass index (BMI) was 25.74 ± 1.38 Kg/m2. Abortion rates among passive smoker and nonpassive smoker patients were statistically significant (). Based on findings of this study, the experience of being a passive smoker in childhood and adolescence in women will increase the risk of abortion and infertility in the future, which could be the reason to encourage the society to step back from smoking cigarettes.