Table 5: Neonatal outcomes.
(a)

Variable ⁢ Metformin⁢ Insulin value
: 67: 70
% %

Hypoglycemia 10.4%721.4%150.01
Transient tachypnea2.9%24.2%30.67
Respiratory distress1.4%12.8%20.85
Neonatal jaundice19.4%1415.7%110.31
Phototherapy19.4%1415.7%110.31
Neonatal intensive care unit admission14.9%1017.1%120.51
Birth trauma0%0%

(b)

Variable⁢ Metformin⁢ Insulin value
: 67: 70
% %

Apgar score at 5 minutes < 71.5%11.4%10.59
Gestational age at birth 38.7 ± 1.1 38.9 ± 1.40.06
Estimated weight > 90th percentile 14.9%1015.7%110.89
Estimated weight < 10th percentile5.9%47.1%50.31
Congenital anomalies1.5%12.8%20.91