International Journal of Surgical Oncology / 2011 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Minimally Invasive Surgery for Colorectal Cancer: Past, Present, and Future

Table 1

Short-term and long-term outcomes of large-scale randomized controlled trials for laparoscopic colectomy compared to open colectomy for colon cancer.

COSTCLASICCCOLORBarcelonaBragaMilsomLiang
[5, 20, 28][6, 22, 32][4, 26][7, 23][21, 33][25][24]

Return of bowel function=
Pain score
Narcotic use
Length of stay =
OR time
EBL =
LN yield=======
Circumferential margin +==
Postoperative morbidity=== ==
Postoperative mortality==== =
Quality of life==
Overall survival=====
Disease-free survival=====
Local recurrence====
Distant recurrence=====
Wound/port recurrence=======

OR: operating room; EBL: estimated blood loss; LN: lymph node. Each outcome recorded is compared to open controls. or represents a statistically significant difference related to the outcome; otherwise, = represents no statistical difference.