International Journal of Surgical Oncology / 2011 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Minimally Invasive Surgery for Colorectal Cancer: Past, Present, and Future

Table 2

Short-term and long-term outcomes of randomized controlled trials for laparoscopic rectal surgery compared to open rectal surgery for rectal cancer.

Araujo [48]CLASICC [6, 32]Ng [45]Ng [44]Leung [43]

Return of bowel function
Pain score=
Narcotic use
Length of stay==
OR time
LN yield ===
Circumferential margin +===
Postoperative morbidity====
Postoperative mortality===
Overall survival====
Disease free survival====
Local recurrence=====
Distant recurrence==

OR: operating room; EBL: estimated blood loss; LN: lymph node. Each outcome recorded is compared to open controls. or represents a statistically significant difference related to the outcome; otherwise, = represents no statistical difference.