901574.fig.001a
(a)
901574.fig.001b
(b)
901574.fig.001c
(c)
Figure 1: Transanal rectal dissection for a male patient with T3 low rectal cancer. A circular incision of the rectum was performed by closing the cut end of the rectum (a). The rectum including the tumor was mobilized proximally by exposing the levator ani (b, c).