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International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
Volume 2014, Article ID 437307, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/437307
Research Article

An ICT-Based Diabetes Management System Tested for Health Care Delivery in the African Context

1Infokom GmbH, 17034 Neubrandenburg, Germany
2Health Department, Baptist Church in Central Africa (CBCA), Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo
3Ruwenzori State University (UOR), Butembo, Democratic Republic of Congo
4Provincial Health Division (DPS), Ministry of Health, North Kivu, Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo

Received 10 January 2014; Revised 14 April 2014; Accepted 22 April 2014; Published 17 July 2014

Academic Editor: Cristiana Larizza

Copyright © 2014 Claude Takenga et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The demand for new healthcare services is growing rapidly. Improving accessibility of the African population to diabetes care seems to be a big challenge in most countries where the number of care centers and medical staff is reduced. Information and communication technologies (ICT) have great potential to address some of these challenges faced by several countries in providing accessible, cost-effective, and high-quality health care services. This paper presents the Mobil Diab system which is a telemedical approach proposed for the management of long-term diseases. The system applies modern mobile and web technologies which overcome geographical barriers, and increase access to health care services. The idea of the system is to involve patients in the therapy process and motivate them for an active participation. For validation of the system in African context, a trial was conducted in the Democratic Republic of Congo. 40 Subjects with diabetes divided randomly into control and intervention groups were included in the test. Results show that Mobil Diab is suitable for African countries and presents a number of benefits for the population and public health care system. It improves clinical management and delivery of diabetes care services by enhancing access, quality, motivation, reassurance, efficiency, and cost-effectiveness.