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International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
Volume 2017, Article ID 5785613, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5785613
Review Article

Videoconferencing for Health Care Provision for Older Adults in Care Homes: A Review of the Research Evidence

1Centre for Assistive Technology and Connected Healthcare and School of Health and Related Research, The University of Sheffield, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield S1 4DA, UK
2University of Bradford, Bradford, UK

Correspondence should be addressed to Louise Newbould; ku.ca.dleiffehs@1dluobwenkl

Received 1 May 2017; Revised 25 July 2017; Accepted 6 August 2017; Published 10 September 2017

Academic Editor: Jocelyne Fayn

Copyright © 2017 Louise Newbould et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A scoping review was conducted to map the research evidence on the use of videoconferencing for remote health care provision for older adults in care homes. The review aimed to identify the nature and extent of the existing evidence base. Databases used were Embase, Medline, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library Reviews. The review identified 26 articles for inclusion, of which 14 were case studies, making the most used study design. Papers described videoconferencing as being used for assessment, management of health care, clinical support, and diagnosis, with eight of the papers reporting the use of videoconferencing for more than one clinical purpose. A further eight papers reported the use of videoconferencing for assessment alone. The literature reported the collection of various types of data, with 12 papers describing the use of both qualitative and quantitative data. The outcomes mainly addressed staff satisfaction and resident satisfaction . Current evidence supports the feasibility of videoconferencing in care homes. However, research needs to be undertaken to establish the contexts and mechanisms that underpin the successful implementation of videoconferencing in care homes and to define useful measures for success.