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International Journal of Vascular Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 786801, 10 pages
Review Article

Assessment of Cardiovascular Disease Risk in South Asian Populations

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, The Alfred Centre, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia

Received 27 June 2013; Accepted 14 August 2013

Academic Editor: Karlheinz Peter

Copyright © 2013 S. Monira Hussain et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Although South Asian populations have high cardiovascular disease (CVD) burden in the world, their patterns of individual CVD risk factors have not been fully studied. None of the available algorithms/scores to assess CVD risk have originated from these populations. To explore the relevance of CVD risk scores for these populations, literature search and qualitative synthesis of available evidence were performed. South Asians usually have higher levels of both “classical” and nontraditional CVD risk factors and experience these at a younger age. There are marked variations in risk profiles between South Asian populations. More than 100 risk algorithms are currently available, with varying risk factors. However, no available algorithm has included all important risk factors that underlie CVD in these populations. The future challenge is either to appropriately calibrate current risk algorithms or ideally to develop new risk algorithms that include variables that provide an accurate estimate of CVD risk.