Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Vascular Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 294065, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/294065
Clinical Study

Local Intracoronary Eptifibatide versus Mechanical Aspiration in Patients with Acute ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

1Ain Shams University, P.O. Box 11381, Cairo, Egypt
2Cardiology Department, Ain Shams University, Lotfy Elsayed Street, Abbaseya, P.O. Box 11381, Cairo, Egypt

Received 31 December 2013; Accepted 19 May 2014; Published 3 June 2014

Academic Editor: Karl A. Illig

Copyright © 2014 Mohamed A. Hamza et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. We compared local delivery of intracoronary eptifibatide via perfusion catheter to thrombus aspiration in primary PCI. Background. Perfusion catheter increases local concentration of the drugs at the culprit site and prolongs their residency time. Methods. 75 patients with acute STEMI were randomized to three groups: 25 received local intracoronary eptifibatide and verapamil via perfusion catheter; 25 patients were managed by Diver CE thrombectomy device and 25 patients by primary PCI without thrombus aspiration. Primary end point was assessment of postprocedural TIMI flow, MPG, and corrected TIMI frame count (cTFC) in the culprit vessel. Results. Perfusion catheter was superior to thrombus aspiration and conventional PCI as regards MBG (68% versus 36% in Diver CE and 20% in the control arm; value = 0.002), with shorter cTFC rates than thrombectomy and control groups ( versus and resp.; ). TIMI flow was not different between the 3 groups. Eptifibatide led to less time to peak CK (13.12 hours versus 16.5 and 19.5 hours, respectively, value = 0.001). Conclusion. Local intracoronary eptifibatide by perfusion catheter reduces thrombus burden with better results in microvascular perfusion assessed by cTFC and MBG compared to aspiration device or conventional PCI.