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International Journal of Vascular Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 562782, 7 pages
Clinical Study

Pre- and Postoperative Evaluation by Photoplethysmography in Patients Receiving Surgery for Lower-Limb Varicose Veins

1Faculty of Medicine of Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Avenida Prof. Montenegro, Distrito de Rubião Junior, s/n, 18618970 Botucatu, SP, Brazil
2Federal University of Mato Grosso, Campus of the Araguaia, Avenida Universitária No. 3.500, 78698-000 Pontal do Araguaia, MT, Brazil
3Araçatuba Dental School, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Rua José Bonifácio, 1193, Vila Mendonça, 16015-050 Araçatuba, SP, Brazil

Received 29 August 2013; Revised 6 December 2013; Accepted 24 December 2013; Published 19 February 2014

Academic Editor: Marc A. Passman

Copyright © 2014 Orlando Adas Saliba Júnior et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. To evaluate the effectiveness of surgery in treating primary varicose veins in the lower limbs by photoplethysmography (PPG) and duplex mapping (DM). Method. Forty-eight lower limbs were clinically evaluated according to the CEAP classification system and subjected to PPG and DM exams. Each limb had a venous refill time (VRT) of <20 seconds and a normal deep vein system (DVS) by DM. Results. The mean pre- and postoperative VRTs were 13.79 and 26.43 seconds, respectively ( ). After surgery, 42 limbs (87.50%) had normal results by PPG (VRT > 20 seconds). Four limbs (8.33%) showed improved VRTs, but the VRTs did not reach 20 seconds. In the 2 limbs (4.17%) that maintained their original VRTs, the DM exams showed the presence of insufficient perforating veins. Conclusion. In most cases, PPG allows for a satisfactory evaluation of the outcome of varicose vein surgery.