International Journal of Vascular Medicine / 2017 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Circulating Angiogenic Growth Factors in Diabetes Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease and Exertional Leg Pain in Ghana

Table 1

General characteristics of study participants by diabetes status.

All participants ()T2DM ()Non-DM ()

Females, (%)125 (50)63 (45)62 (56.4)0.15
Age, yrs0.54
Weight, kg0.672
Height, cm0.061
BMI, kg/m20.571
Waist circumference, cm0.073
Waist-hip ratio0.382
Systolic BP, mmHg0.174
Diastolic BP, mmHg0.594
Pulse BP, mmHg0.485
Heart rate, bpm<0.01
FPG, mmol/l<0.01
2 h PPG, mmol/l
Triglycerides, mmol/l0.586
Total cholesterol, mmol/l<0.001
HDL cholesterol, mmol/l0.025
LDL cholesterol, mmol/l<0.001
Serum creatinine mg/dl
eGFR ml/min/1.73 m282.4 (73.1–104.9)70.8 (51.4–82.1)105.9 (76.2–118.7)<0.001
Low eGFR, (%)43 (17.2)34 (24.3)9 (8.2)0.001
Angiopoietin 1, ng/ml38.2 (25.7–47.9)36.1 (24.7–42.1)41.1 (30–57.3)0.01
Angiopoietin 2, pg/ml740 (392–1107)838 (473–1241)597 (274–1005)0.018
VEGF-A, pg/ml63.2 (21.2–157.8)72.2 (28–201.8)48.4 (17.4–110.1)0.025
VPT, mV<0.001
Right ABI0.135
Left ABI0.132
Right leg PAD36 (14.4)29 (20.7)7 (6.4)<0.001
Left leg PAD26 (10.4)21 (15)6 (5.5)<0.001
Leg pains on exertion62 (24.8)43 (37.7)19 (17.3)0.004

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