Table of Contents
International Journal of Vehicular Technology
Volume 2014, Article ID 437515, 15 pages
Review Article

A Review of Active Yaw Control System for Vehicle Handling and Stability Enhancement

1Control, Instrumentation & Automation Department, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
2Department of Control & Mechatronics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
3Temasek Laboratories, National University of Singapore 5A Engineering Drive 1, Singapore 117411
4Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UiTM Pulau Pinang, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
5Industrial Automation Section, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysia France Institute, Section 14, Jalan Teras Jernang, 43650 Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 23 January 2014; Revised 8 May 2014; Accepted 15 May 2014; Published 12 June 2014

Academic Editor: Aboelmagd Noureldin

Copyright © 2014 M. K. Aripin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Yaw stability control system plays a significant role in vehicle lateral dynamics in order to improve the vehicle handling and stability performances. However, not many researches have been focused on the transient performances improvement of vehicle yaw rate and sideslip tracking control. This paper reviews the vital elements for control system design of an active yaw stability control system; the vehicle dynamic models, control objectives, active chassis control, and control strategies with the focus on identifying suitable criteria for improved transient performances. Each element is discussed and compared in terms of their underlying theory, strengths, weaknesses, and applicability. Based on this, we conclude that the sliding mode control with nonlinear sliding surface based on composite nonlinear feedback is a potential control strategy for improving the transient performances of yaw rate and sideslip tracking control.