International Journal of Zoology / 2009 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Sand Floor for Farmed Blue Foxes: Effects on Claws, Adrenal Cortex Function, Growth and Fur Properties

Table 1

Mean claw length (mm, mean ± SD) of front and back right paw at weaning, in September, October, November, and December in juvenile blue foxes in the Sand and Control groups. Main effects (GLM for repeated measures): Group 𝐹 ( 1 , 1 4 ) = 0 . 1 8 , NS; Sex 𝐹 ( 1 , 1 4 ) = 7 . 6 0 , 𝑃 = . 0 1 5 ; Month 𝐹 ( 4 , 5 6 ) = 2 0 6 . 0 5 , 𝑃 = . 0 0 0 ; Paw 𝐹 ( 1 , 1 4 ) = 1 8 3 . 7 4 , 𝑃 = . 0 0 0 . Interactions: Sex*Group 𝐹 ( 1 , 1 4 ) = 3 . 5 0 , 𝑃 = . 0 8 2 ; Month*Group 𝐹 ( 4 , 5 6 ) = 4 . 0 6 , 𝑃 = . 0 0 6 ; Paw*Group 𝐹 ( 1 , 1 4 ) = 2 0 . 1 9 , 𝑃 = . 0 0 1 ; Paw*Month 𝐹 ( 4 , 5 6 ) = 2 . 9 4 , 𝑃 = . 0 2 8 ; Month*Paw*Group 𝐹 ( 4 , 5 6 ) = 7 . 5 0 , 𝑃 = . 0 0 0 ; other interactions NS.

WeaningSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember

Male, front paw
Sand 1 2 . 0 ± 1 . 3 2 0 . 6 ± 3 . 4 1 9 . 7 ± 3 . 3 2 3 . 1 ± 4 . 0 2 5 . 4 ± 2 . 4
Control 1 1 . 8 ± 1 . 2 2 3 . 2 ± 1 . 3 2 4 . 6 ± 2 . 2 2 5 . 8 ± 1 . 8 2 4 . 4 ± 3 . 8
Male, back paw
Sand 1 0 . 6 ± 1 . 1 1 9 . 4 ± 2 . 1 1 9 . 4 ± 1 . 9 2 2 . 1 ± 2 . 0 2 2 . 2 ± 2 . 0
Control 9 . 7 ± 1 . 7 2 0 . 1 ± 2 . 0 2 0 . 0 ± 1 . 7 2 1 . 2 ± 1 . 4 2 1 . 1 ± 1 . 7
Female, front paw
Sand 1 1 . 3 ± 1 . 1 2 1 . 0 ± 1 . 4 2 0 . 4 ± 3 . 1 2 3 . 8 ± 2 . 1 2 5 . 1 ± 2 . 6
Control 1 1 . 7 ± 1 . 2 2 2 . 8 ± 2 . 1 2 4 . 0 ± 2 . 5 2 3 . 0 ± 1 . 8 2 2 . 5 ± 3 . 3
Female, back paw
Sand 1 0 . 1 ± 0 . 9 1 9 . 4 ± 2 . 4 1 8 . 3 ± 1 . 9 2 1 . 3 ± 2 . 0 2 1 . 4 ± 1 . 8
Control 9 . 3 ± 1 . 0 1 8 . 5 ± 1 . 4 1 8 . 0 ± 1 . 6 1 9 . 5 ± 2 . 4 2 0 . 6 ± 3 . 2

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