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International Journal of Zoology
Volume 2011, Article ID 380829, 9 pages
Research Article

Imaging and Documenting Gammarideans

Workgroup Biosystematic Documentation, University of Ulm, Helmholtzstraβe 20, 89081 Ulm, Germany

Received 29 March 2011; Revised 30 May 2011; Accepted 30 May 2011

Academic Editor: Almut Gerhardt

Copyright © 2011 Carolin Haug et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We give an overview of available techniques for imaging and documenting applied to gammarideans and discuss their advantages and disadvantages. Although recent techniques, such as confocal laser scanning microscopy (cLSM), focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy (FIB SEM), or computed microtomography (μCT), provide new possibilities to detect and document structures, these high-tech devices are expensive, and access to them is often limited. Alternatively, there are many possibilities to enhance the capabilities of established techniques such as macrophotography and light microscopy. We discuss improvements of the illumination with polarized light and the possibilities of utilizing the autofluorescence of animals such as the gammarideans. In addition, we present software-based enhancing tools such as image fusion and image stitching.