Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Zoology
Volume 2012, Article ID 602401, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/602401
Research Article

Acoustic Repertoire of the Philippine Tarsier (Tarsius syrichta fraterculus) and Individual Variation of Long-Distance Calls

1Decin Zoo, Pastýřská Stěna, Žižkova 15, 405 02 Děčín, Czech Republic
2Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Viničná 7, 128 44 Praha, Czech Republic
3Tarsius, o. s., NGO, Na Pěšině 267, 405 05 Děčín, Czech Republic
4Institute of Animal Science, Department of Ethology, Přátelství 815, 104 00 Praha Uhříněves, Czech Republic
5Department of Forest Protection and Game Management, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 21 Praha 6, Czech Republic
6Slezská 43, 130 00 Praha 3, Czech Republic

Received 9 March 2012; Revised 28 April 2012; Accepted 29 April 2012

Academic Editor: Randy J. Nelson

Copyright © 2012 Milada Řeháková-Petrů et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. L. Becker, E. H. Buder, and J. P. Ward, “Spectrographic description of vocalizations in captive Otolemur garnettii,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 415–446, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Gamba and C. Giacoma, “Quantitative acoustic analysis of the vocal repertoire of the crowned lemur,” Ethology Ecology & Evolution, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 323–343, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Gamba and C. Giacoma, “Key issues in the study of primate acoustic signals, an update,” Journal of Anthropological Sciences, vol. 88, pp. 215–220, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. T. Geissmann and T. Mutschler, “Diurnal distribution of loud calls in sympatric wild indris (Indri indri) and ruffed lemurs (Varecia variegata): implications for call functions,” Primates, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 393–396, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. M. Macedonia, “Individuality in a contact call of the ringtailed lemur (Lemur catta),” American Journal of Primatology, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 163–179, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  6. J. C. Masters, “Loud calls of Galago crassicaudatus and G. garnettii and their relation to habitat structure,” Primates, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 153–167, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. E. Zimmermann, “The vocal repertoire of the adult senegal bush baby (Galago senegalensis),” Behaviour, vol. 94, no. 3-4, pp. 212–322, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  8. E. Zimmermann, “Differentiation of vocalizations in bushbabies (Galaginae) and the significance for assessing phylogenetic relationships,” Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 217–239, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  9. E. Zimmermann, E. Vorobieva, D. Wrogemann, and T. Hafen, “Use of vocal fingerprinting for specific discrimination of gray (Microcebus murinus) and rufous mouse lemurs (Microcebus rufus),” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 837–852, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. K. Bearder, “Physical and social diversity among nocturnal primates: a new view based on long term research,” Primates, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 267–282, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P. Braune, S. Schmidt, and E. Zimmermann, “Spacing and group coordination in a nocturnal primate, the golden brown mouse lemur (Microcebus ravelobensis): the role of olfactory and acoustic signals,” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 587–596, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Rasoloharijaona, B. Randrianambinina, P. Braune, and E. Zimmermann, “Loud calling, spacing, and cohesiveness in a nocturnal primate, the Milne Edwards' sportive lemur (Lepilemur edwardsi),” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 129, no. 4, pp. 591–600, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Bergey and E. Patel, “A preliminary vocal repertoire of the greater bamboo lemur (Prolemur simus): classification and contexts,” Nexus, vol. 1, pp. 69–84, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  14. J. R. MacKinnon and K. S. MacKinnon, “The behavior of wild spectral tarsiers,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 361–379, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. I. Neri-Arboleda, P. Stott, and N. P. Arboleda, “Home ranges, spatial movements and habitat associations of the Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta) in Corella, Bohol,” Journal of Zoology, vol. 257, no. 3, pp. 387–402, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. Y. Wong, C. E. Collins, and J. H. Kaas, “Overview of sensory systems of Tarsius,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1002–1031, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Merker and C. P. Groves, “Tarsius lariang: a new primate species from Western Central Sulawesi,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 465–485, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. Niemitz, Biology of Tarsiers, Gustav Fisher, Stuttgart, Germany, 1984.
  19. C. Niemitz, A. Nietsch, S. Warter, and Y. Rumpler, “Tarsius dianae: a new primate species from central Sulawesi (Indonesia),” Folia Primatologica, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 105–116, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Nietsch, “Duet vocalizations among different populations of Sulawesi tarsiers,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 567–583, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. Nietsch, “Outline of the vocal behavior of Tarsius spectrum: call features, associated behaviors, and biological functions,” in Tarsiers: Past, Present, and Future, P. C. Wright, E. L. Simons, and S. Gursky, Eds., pp. 196–220, Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ, USA, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  22. C. Niemitz, “Outline of the behaviour of Tarsius bancanus,” in The Study of Prosimian Behavior, G. A. Doyle and R. D. Martin, Eds., pp. 631–660, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  23. I. Yustian, Ecology and Conservation Status of Tarsius bancanus saltator on Belitung Island, Indonesia, Cuvillier, Göttingen, Germany, 2007.
  24. R. H. Crompton and P. M. Andau, “Ranging, activity rhythms, and sociality in free-ranging Tarsius bancanus: a preliminary report,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 43–71, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. C. H. Wharton, “The tarsier in captivity,” Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 260–268, 1950. View at Google Scholar
  26. P. C. Wright and E. L. Simons, “Calls of the Mindanao tarsier,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 63, p. 236, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  27. M. Gamba, C. Colombo, and C. Giacoma, “Acoustic cues to caller identity in lemurs: a case study,” Journal of Ethology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 191–196, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. T. Snowdon and J. Cleveland, “Individual recognition of contact calls by pygmy marmosets,” Animal Behaviour, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 717–727, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. D. D. Jorgensen and J. A. French, “Individuality but not stability in marmoset long calls,” Ethology, vol. 104, no. 9, pp. 729–742, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. C. A. Chapman and D. M. Weary, “Variability in spider monkeys' vocalizations may provide basis for individual recognition,” American Journal of Primatology, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 279–284, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  31. R. Steenbeek and P. Assink, “Individual differences in long-distance calls of male wild Thomas langurs (Presbytis thomasi),” Folia Primatologica, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 77–80, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. A. Wich, S. Koski, H. de Vries, and C. P. Van Schaik, “Individual and contextual variation in Thomas langur male loud calls,” Ethology, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. R. A. Delgado, “Sexual selection in the loud calls of male primates: signal content and function,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 5–25, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. Řeháková-Petrů, L. Peške, and T. Daněk, “Predation on a wild Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta),” Acta Ethologica. In press. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. D. S. Jachowski and C. Pizzaras, “Introducing an innovative semi-captive environment for the Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta),” Zoo Biology, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 101–109, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. M. Dagosto, D. L. Gebo, and C. Dolino, “Positional behavior and social organization of the Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta),” Primates, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 233–243, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J. Fischer, K. Hammerschmidt, D. L. Cheney, and R. M. Seyfarth, “Acoustic features of female chacma baboon barks,” Ethology, vol. 107, no. 1, pp. 33–54, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. L. Schrader and K. Hammerschmidt, “Computer-aided analysis of acoustic parameters in animal vocalisations: a multi-parametric approach,” Bioacoustics, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 247–265, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. P. M. Waser and C. H. Brown, “Is there a “sound window” for primate communication?” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 73–76, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. S. L. Gursky, “Infant care in the spectral tarsier (Tarsius spectrum) Sulawesi, Indonesia,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 843–853, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. A. Ramsier, A. J. Cunningham, G. L. Moritz et al., “Primate communication in the pure ultrasound,” Biology Letters. In press. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. R. Policht, A. Karadžos, and D. Frynta, “Comparative analysis of long-range calls in equid stallions (Equidae): are acoustic parameters related to social organization?” African Zoology, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 18–26, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. D. T. Blumstein and K. B. Armitage, “Does sociality drive the evolution of communicative complexity? A comparative test with ground-dwelling sciurid alarm calls,” American Naturalist, vol. 150, no. 2, pp. 179–200, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. A. Le Roux, M. I. Cherry, and M. B. Manser, “The vocal repertoire in a solitary foraging carnivore, Cynictis penicillata, may reflect facultative sociality,” Naturwissenschaften, vol. 96, no. 5, pp. 575–584, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. K. McComb and S. Semple, “Coevolution of vocal communication and sociality in primates,” Biology Letters, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 381–385, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. R. H. Crompton and P. M. Andau, “Locomotion and habitat utilization in free-ranging Tarsius bancanus: a preliminary report,” Primates, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 337–355, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. S. Gursky, “Group size and composition in the spectral tarsier, Tarsius spectrum: implication for social structure,” Tropical Biodiversity, vol. 3, pp. 57–62, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  48. S. Gursky, “Determinants of gregariousness in the spectral tarsier (prosimian: Tarsius spectrum),” Journal of Zoology, vol. 256, no. 3, pp. 401–410, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. S. Gursky, “Associations between adult spectral tarsiers,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 128, no. 1, pp. 74–83, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. M. Shekelle and I. Arboleda, Tarsius syrichta. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red list of threatened species. Version 2011, 2008.
  51. P. K. McGregor, T. M. Peake, M. Gilbert et al., “Communication behaviour and conservation,” in Behaviour and Conservation, L. M. Gosling and W. J. Sutherland, Eds., pp. 261–282, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  52. A. M. R. Terry, T. M. Peake, and P. K. McGregor, “The role of vocal individuality in conservation,” Frontiers in Zoology, vol. 2, no. 1, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. P. Braune, S. Schmidt, and E. Zimmermann, “Acoustic divergence in the communication of cryptic species of nocturnal primates (Microcebus ssp.),” BMC Biology, vol. 6, article 19, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. J. A. Burton and A. Nietsch, “Geographical variation induet songs of Sulawesi tarsiers: evidence for new cryptic species in South and Southeast Sulawesi,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1123–1146, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. J. C. Mitani and J. Gros-Louis, “Species and sex differences in the screams of chimpanzees and bonobos,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 393–411, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. M. Méndez-Cárdenas, B. Randrianambinina, A. Rabesandratana, S. Rasoloharijaona, and E. Zimmermann, “Geographic variation in loud calls of sportive lemurs (Lepilemur ssp.) and their implications for conservation,” American Journal of Primatology, vol. 70, no. 9, pp. 828–838, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. A. Nietsch and M. L. Kopp, “Role of vocalization in species differentiation of Sulawesi tarsiers,” Folia Primatologica, vol. 69, supplement 1, pp. 371–378, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. J. F. Oates and T. F. Trocco, “Taxonomy and phylogeny of black-and-white colobus monkeys. Inferences from an analysis of loud call variation,” Folia Primatologica, vol. 40, no. 1-2, pp. 83–113, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. C. T. Snowdon, A. Hodun, A. L. Rosenberger, and A. F. Coimbra-Filho, “Long-call structure and its relation to taxonomy in lion tamarins,” American Journal of Primatology, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 253–261, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  60. M. Shekelle, C. Groves, S. Merker, and J. Supriatna, “Tarsius tumpara: a new tarsier species from Siau Island, North Sulawesi,” Primate Conservation, vol. 23, pp. 55–64, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  61. M. Shekelle and A. Salim, Tarsius tumpara. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red list of threatened species. Version 2011.2, 2011.
  62. D. Brandon-Jones, A. A. Eudey, T. Geissmann et al., “Asian primate classification,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 97–164, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. L. R. Heaney, “Zoogeographic evidence for middle and late Pleistocene land bridges to the Philippine Islands,” Modern Quaternary Research in Southeast Asia, vol. 9, pp. 127–144, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. M. Dagosto, D. L. Gebo, and C. N. Dolino, “The natural history of the Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta),” in Tarsiers: Past, Present, and Future, P. C. Wright, E. L. Simons, and S. Gursky, Eds., pp. 237–259, Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ, USA, 2003. View at Google Scholar