Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Zoology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 439276, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/439276
Research Article

Behavioral Responses of the Snail Lymnaea acuminata towards Photo and Chemo Attractants: A New Step in Control Program of Fasciolosis

Malacology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, D.D.U. Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh 273 009, India

Received 21 February 2013; Revised 13 October 2013; Accepted 25 November 2013

Academic Editor: Roger P. Croll

Copyright © 2013 Anupam Pati Tripathi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. S. Mas-Coma, J. G. Esteban, and M. D. Bargues, “Epidemiology of human fascioliasis: a review and proposed new classification,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 340–346, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. Mas-Coma, M. D. Bargues, and M. A. Valero, “Fascioliasis and other plant-borne trematode zoonoses,” International Journal for Parasitology, vol. 35, no. 11-12, pp. 1255–1278, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. “Thinking beyond deworming,” The Lancet, vol. 364, no. 9450, pp. 1993–1994, 2004.
  4. A. C. Correa, J. S. Escobar, P. Durand et al., “Bridging gaps in the molecular phylogeny of the Lymnaeidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata), vectors of Fascioliasis,” BMC Evolutionary Biology, vol. 10, no. 1, article 381, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. O. Singh and R. A. Agarwal, “Toxicity of certain pesticides to two economic species of snails in northern India,” Journal of Economic Entomology, vol. 14, pp. 568–571, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  6. M. F. M. Soliman, “Epidemiological review of human and animal fascioliasis in Egypt,” Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 182–189, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Hurtrez-Boussès, C. Meunier, P. Durand, and F. Renaud, “Dynamics of host-parasite interactions: the example of population biology of the liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica),” Microbes and Infection, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 841–849, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. E. E. Strong, O. Gargominy, W. F. Ponder, and P. Bouchet, “Global diversity of gastropods (Gastropoda; Mollusca) in freshwater,” Hydrobiologia, vol. 595, no. 1, pp. 149–166, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. G. V. Hillyer and W. Apt, “Food-borne trematode infections in the Americas,” Parasitology Today, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 87–88, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Ramachandran, S. Ajjampur, A. Chandramohan, and G. M. Varghese, “Case of human fascioliasis in India: tip of the iceberg,” Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, vol. 58, pp. 150–152, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  11. R. A. Agarwal and D. K. Singh, “Harmful Gastropods and their control,” Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica, vol. 16, pp. 113–138, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  12. G. Bicker, W. J. Davis, E. M. Matera, M. P. Kovac, and D. J. Stormogipson, “Chemoreception and mechanoreception in the gastropod mollusc Pleurobranchaea californica. I. Extracellular analysis of afferent pathways,” Journal of Comparative Physiology A, vol. 149, no. 2, pp. 221–234, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. C. Rosen, K. R. Weiss, and I. Kupfermann, “Cross-modality sensory integration in the control of feeding in Aplysia,” Behavioral and Neural Biology, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 56–63, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. J. H. Elliott and A. J. Susswein, “Comparative neuroethology of feeding control in molluscs,” The Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 205, no. 7, pp. 877–896, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. R. Menzel, “Spectral sensitivity and colour vision in invertebrates,” in Comparative Physiology and Evolution of Vision in Invertebrates, H. Autrum, Ed., vol. 7/6A of Handbook of Sensory Physiology, pp. 503–580, Springer, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  16. M. Sakakibara, T. Aritaka, A. Iizuka, H. Suzuki, T. Horikoshi, and K. Lukowiak, “Electrophysiological responses to light of neurons in the eye and statocyst of Lymnaea stagnalis,” Journal of Neurophysiology, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 493–507, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. Sunita and D. K. Singh, “Fascioliasis control: in vivo and in vitro phytotherapy of vector snail to kill Fasciola larva,” Journal of Parasitology Research, vol. 2011, Article ID 240807, 7 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. P. Tripathi and D. K. Singh, “Attraction of eyestalk ablated Lymnaea acuminata towards the different photo and chemo stimulants,” Scientific Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 94–104, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  19. F. Tiwari and D. K. Singh, “Behavioural responses of the snail Lymnaea acuminata to carbohydrates in snail-attractant pellets,” Naturwissenschaften, vol. 91, no. 8, pp. 378–380, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. L. Ellman, K. D. Courtney, V. Andres Jr., and R. M. Featherstone, “A new and rapid colorimetric determination of acetylcholinesterase activity,” Biochemical Pharmacology, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 88–95, 1961. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. K. Singh and R. A. Agarwal, “In vivo and in vitro studies on synergism with anticholinesterase pesticides in the snail Lymnaea acuminata,” Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 483–487, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. O. H. Lowry, N. J. Rosebrough, A. L. Farr, and R. J. Randall, “Protein measurement with the folin phenol reagent,” The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 193, no. 1, pp. 265–275, 1951. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. R. Sokal and F. J. Rohlf, Introduction to Biostatistics, W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, Calif, USA, 1973.
  24. M. F. Land, “Molluscs,” in Photoreception and Vision in Invertebrates, M. A. Ali, Ed., pp. 699–725, Plenum, Montreal, Canada, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  25. P. Williams and P. M. Z. Coelho, “The attraction of snails to beta lights,” Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 67, pp. 616–617, 1973. View at Google Scholar
  26. A. M. Chernorizov, E. D. Shekhter, G. G. Arakelov, and M. M. Zimachev, “The vision of the snail: the spectral sensitivity of the dark-adapted eye,” Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 59–62, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. K. J. A. Vanhoutte and D. G. Stavenga, “Visual pigment spectra of the comma butterfly, Polygonia c-album, derived from in vivo epi-illumination microspectrophotometry,” Journal of Comparative Physiology A, vol. 191, no. 5, pp. 461–473, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. H. Sunada, T. Sakaguchi, T. Horikoshi, K. Lukowiak, and M. Sakakibara, “The shadow-induced withdrawal response, dermal photoreceptors, and their input to the higher-order interneuron RPeD11 in the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis,” The Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 213, no. 20, pp. 3409–3415, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. V. A. Straub, B. J. Styles, J. S. Ireland, M. O'Shea, and P. R. Benjamin, “Central localization of plasticity involved in appetitive conditioning in Lymnaea,” Learning and Memory, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 787–793, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. H. Wedemeyer and D. Schild, “Chemosensitivity of the osphradium of the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis,” The Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 198, no. 8, pp. 1743–1754, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. N. N. Kamardin, Y. Shalanki, K. Sh. Rozha, and A. D. Nozdrachev, “Studies of chemoreceptor perception in mollusks,” Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 227–235, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Podolska and D. Napierska, “Acetylcholinesterase activity in hosts (herring Clupea harengus) and parasites (Anisakis simplex larvae) from the southern Baltic,” ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 161–168, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. C. Hebb, “Cholinergic neurons in vertebrates,” Nature, vol. 192, no. 4802, pp. 527–529, 1961. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. V. V. Zhukov, “On the problem of retinal transmitters of the freshwater mollusc Lymnaea stagnalis,” Journal of Evolutionary Biochemistry and Physiology, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 440–447, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. D. K. Singh and R. A. Agarwal, “Alteration in biogenic amine levels in the snail Lymnaea acuminata by the latex of Euphorbia royleana,” Toxicology Letters, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 309–314, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. S. Kumar, D. K. Singh, and V. K. Singh, “Binary combination of different breeds of freeze-dried cow urine (FCU) with some plant molluscicides against Lymnaea acuminata, vector of Fascioliasis,” Advances in Life Sciences, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 24–29, 2011. View at Google Scholar