About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
International Journal of Zoology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 315029, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/315029
Research Article

Efficacy of 2-Phenoxyethanol as an Anaesthetic for Adult Redline Torpedo Fish, Sahyadria denisonii (Day 1865)

1School of Fisheries Resource Management and Harvest Technology, Faculty of Fisheries, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies (KUFOS), Panangad, Ernakulam, Kerala 682 506, India
2School of Bioscience, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala 686 560, India

Received 20 August 2014; Revised 17 October 2014; Accepted 12 November 2014; Published 8 December 2014

Academic Editor: Thomas Iliffe

Copyright © 2014 Anna Mercy Thoranam Varkey and Sajan Sajeevan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. L. Ross and B. Ross, Anaesthetic and Sedative Techniques for Aquatic Animals, Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, UK, 3rd edition, 2008.
  2. L. G. Ross and B. Ross, Anesthetic and Sedative Techniques for Aquatic Animals, vol. 58, Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, 1999.
  3. L. L. Marking and F. P. Meyer, “A better fish anaesthetics needed in fisheries,” Fisheries, vol. l0, no. 6, pp. 2–5, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  4. C. C. Mylonas, G. Cardinaletti, I. Sigelaki, and A. Polzonetti-Magni, “Comparative efficacy of clove oil and 2-phenoxyethanol as anesthetics in the aquaculture of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) at different temperatures,” Aquaculture, vol. 246, no. 1–4, pp. 467–481, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H. Kaiser and N. Vine, “The effect of 2-Phenoxyethanol and transport packing density on the post-transport survival rate and metabolic activity in the goldfish (Carassius auratus),” Aquarium Sciences and Conservation, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. N. Deacon, H. White, and T. Hecht, “Isolation of the effective concentration of 2-phenoxyethanol for anaesthesia in the spotted grunter, Pomadasys commersonnii, and its effect on growth,” Aquarium Sciences and Conservation, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 19–27, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. P. A. Gilderhus and L. L. Marking, “Comparative efficacy of 16 anesthetic chemicals on rainbow trout,” North American Journal of Fisheries Management, vol. 7, pp. 288–292, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. N. S. Mattson and T. H. Riple, “Metomidate, a better anesthetic for cod (Gadus morhua) in comparison with benzocaine, MS-222, chlorobutanol, and phenoxyethanol,” Aquaculture, vol. 83, no. 1-2, pp. 89–94, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. O. Weyl, H. Kaiser, and T. Hecht, “On the efficacy and mode of action of 2-phenoxyethanol as an anaesthetic for goldfish, Carassius auratus (L.), at different temperatures and concentrations,” Aquaculture Research, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 757–764, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. R. Hseu, S. L. Yeh, Y. T. Chu, and Y. Y. Ting, “Comparison of efficacy of five anaesthetic gold lined sea bream, Sparus sarba,” Acta Zoologica et Taiwanica, vol. 9, pp. 35–41, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  11. R. Kaminski, L. Myszkowski, and J. Wolnicki, “The secrets of 2-phenoxyethanol. IV. Induction and recovery times of early life stages of cyprinids,” Komun. Ryb., vol. 2, pp. 10–11, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  12. R. A. Weber, J. B. Peleteiro, L. O. G. Martín, and M. Aldegunde, “The efficacy of 2-phenoxyethanol, metomidate, clove oil and MS-222 as anaesthetic agents in the Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup 1858),” Aquaculture, vol. 288, no. 1-2, pp. 147–150, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. H. B. Pawar, S. V. Sanaye, R. A. Sreepada, V. Harish, U. Suryavanshi, and Z. A. Ansari, “Comparative efficacy of four anaesthetic agents in the yellow seahorse, Hippocampus kuda (Bleeker, 1852),” Aquaculture, vol. 311, no. 1–4, pp. 155–161, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Sajan, V. R. Sreenath, T. V. A. Mercy, and S. Syama, “The efficacy of 2- phenoxyethanol as anaesthetic for juvenile Pearl spot, Etroplus suratensis (Bloch),” Asian Fisheries Science, vol. 26, pp. 178–184, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  15. N. Topic Popovic, I. Strunjak-Perovic, R. Coz-Rakovac et al., “Tricaine methane-sulfonate (MS-222) application in fish anaesthesia,” Journal of Applied Ichthyology, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 553–564, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Ali, N. Dahanukar, and R. Raghavan, “Puntius denisonii. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1,” http://www.iucnredlist.org.
  17. S. Sajan, V. Malika, and T. V. Anna Mercy, “Use of an eco-friendly anaesthetic in the handling of Puntius denisonii (Day, 1865): an endemic ornamental barb of the Western Ghats of India,” Indian Journal of Fisheries, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 131–135, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. V. A. Mercy, V. Malika, and S. Sajan, “Use of tricaine methanesulfonate (MS 222) to induce anaesthesia in Puntius denisonii (Day, 1865) (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae)—an endangered barb of the Western Ghats Hotspot, India,” Journal of Threatened Taxa, vol. 5, pp. 4414–4419, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  19. T. V. A. Mercy, V. Malika, and S. Sajan, “Breakthrough in breeding of Puntius denisonii,” Infofish International, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 14–17, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  20. APHA, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, USA, 18th edition, 1992.
  21. R. Trzebiatowski, K. Stepanowska, A. K. Siwicki, and K. Kazun, “The observations of Propiscin efficiency for total anaesthetisation of Wels (Silurus glanis),” Komunikaty Rybackie, vol. 1, pp. 14–18, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  22. R. C. Summerfelt and L. S. Smith, “Anesthesia, surgery, and related techniques,” in Methods for Fish Biology, C. B. Schreck and P. B. Moyle, Eds., pp. 213–272, American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Md, USA, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  23. J. H. Zar, Bio-Statistical Analysis, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, NJ, USA, 4th edition, 1999.
  24. J. Hamackova, A. Lepicova, A. Kozak, Z. Stupka, J. Kouril, and P. Lepic, “The efficacy of various anaesthetics in tench (Tinca tinca L.) related to water temperature,” Veterinarni Medicina, vol. 49, no. 12, pp. 467–472, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. Tsantilas, A. D. Galatos, F. Athanassopoulou, N. N. Prassinos, and K. Kousoulaki, “Efficacy of 2-phenoxyethanol as an anaesthetic for two size classes of white sea bream, Diplodus sargus L., and sharp snout sea bream, Diplodus puntazzo C,” Aquaculture, vol. 253, no. 1–4, pp. 64–70, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. K. Gokcek and F. Ogretmen, “Comparative efficacy of three anesthetic agents in Himri Barbel, Carasobarbus luteus (Heckel, 1843) under controlled conditions,” Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, vol. 10, no. 25, pp. 3350–3355, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. A. K. Inoue, C. S. Neto, and M. Moraes, “Standardization of 2-phenoxyethanol as anesthetic for juvenile Brycon cephalus (Gunther, 1869): the use in field procedures,” Clinical Rural, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 563–565, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. J. J. J. Bernardes, F. K. Nakagome, F. L. de Mello, S. Garcia, and A. J. Hilton, “Eugenol as an anaesthetic for juvenile common snook,” Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 1140–1144, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  29. C. A. Woody, J. Nelson, and K. Ramstad, “Clove oil as an anaesthetic for adult sockeye salmon: field trials,” Journal of Fish Biology, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 340–347, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Gullian and J. Villanueva, “Efficacy of tricaine methanesulphonate and clove oil as anaesthetics for juvenile cobia Rachycentron canadum,” Aquaculture Research, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 852–860, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. P. K. Pramod, A. Ramachandran, T. P. Sajeevan, S. Thampy, and S. S. Pai, “Comparative efficacy of MS-222 and benzocaine as anaesthetics under simulated transport conditions of a tropical ornamental fish Puntius filamentosus (Valenciennes),” Aquaculture Research, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 309–314, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. H. Bambang, Application of clove oil as anaesthetic for sae bass (Lates calcarifer, Bloch) [Msc. Thesis], Department of Aquaculture, Kasetsart University, 2003.