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International Journal of Zoology
Volume 2016, Article ID 1808912, 6 pages
Research Article

Cytochrome c Oxidase Sequences of Zambian Wildlife Helps to Identify Species of Origin of Meat

1Faculty of Agriculture, Science and Technology, Centre for Animal Health, North West University, Mafikeng Campus, Private Bag Box X2046, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa
2School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zambia, P.O. Box 32379, Lusaka, Zambia
3School of Agricultural Sciences, Iwate University, Morioka, Japan

Received 15 July 2016; Revised 22 October 2016; Accepted 27 October 2016

Academic Editor: Marco Cucco

Copyright © 2016 Michelo Syakalima et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Accurate species identification is a crucial tool in wildlife conservation. Enforcement of antipoaching law is more achievable with robust molecular identification of poached meat. Determining the region where the animal may have been taken from would also be a useful tool in suppression of cross-border trade of poached meat. We present data from a cytochrome c oxidase “barcoding” study of Zambian ruminants that adequately identifies the species of origin of meat samples. Furthermore, the method demonstrates possible improvement and application in regional variation in sequence identity that has a potential for discriminating meat samples from different subpopulations.