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International Journal of Zoology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 7286040, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7286040
Research Article

Comparative Study of Integrated Pest Management and Farmers Practices on Sustainable Environment in the Rice Ecosystem

1Department of Environmental Science, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
2Farm Management Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI), Gazipur 1701, Bangladesh
3Administration and Common Service, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI), Gazipur 1701, Bangladesh
4Jatiya Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam University, Trishal, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
5National University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
6Ministry of Public Administration, Government of Bangladesh, Bangladesh

Received 28 October 2015; Accepted 14 March 2016

Academic Editor: Thomas Iliffe

Copyright © 2016 Mohammad Zahangeer Alam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Integrated pest management (IPM) is an environmentally friendly technology. IPM is a multifaceted approach to pest management that seeks to minimize negative impacts on the environment. This technique is an important step towards providing healthy, viable food for a growing global population. The focus of this study was to examine the impact of integrated pest management in a rice agroecosystem. Currently, more than 80% of farmers rely on pesticides. IPM methods employed in our study had an impact on the number of healthy tillers and hills and grain weight. The lowest percentage of dead heart (1.03) and white head (2.00) was found in the IPM treated plots. These plots had an average yield of 7.4 tonne/ha. We found that there were significant differences between the treatment and the observed percentage of dead heart, grain weight, and yield. We conclude that IPM practices are an effective strategy for obtaining high rice yields while protecting the environment and creating a more sustainable agroecosystem. Furthermore, the need for ongoing research and training on IPM methods will be essential for creating a sustainable rice agroecosystem.