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International Journal of Zoology
Volume 2018, Article ID 5767194, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5767194
Research Article

Status and Trends of the Ferruginous Duck’s (Aythya nyroca) Wintering Population in Morocco: Analysis of 35 Years of Winter Census Data (1983-2017)

1Mohammed V University in Rabat, Scientific Institute, Research Team on the Management of Wetlands, Geo-Biodiversity and Natural Patrimony Laboratory, Avenue Ibn Battota, B.P. 703, Agdal, 10106 Rabat, Morocco
2GREPOM/BirdLife Morocco, Scientific Institute, Av. Ibn Battota, B.P. 703, Agdal, 10106 Rabat, Morocco

Correspondence should be addressed to Asmaâ Ouassou; moc.liamg@uossauo.aamsa

Received 21 May 2018; Accepted 31 August 2018; Published 2 October 2018

Academic Editor: Marco Cucco

Copyright © 2018 Asmaâ Ouassou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The Ferruginous duck is a winter visitor and breeding resident in Morocco. The species breeds regularly in several coastal and inland wetlands, with remarkable numbers in some marshlands (Sidi Boughaba, Fouwarate, Bargha, Bas Loukkos, etc.). This duck is listed as near threatened in the IUCN Red List, and its populations have been in decline in many European countries. In Morocco, the national wintering population has known, during the last decade, a strong increase, in both its numbers (from tens to thousands of individuals) and distribution area (from a couple of sites to more than 21 wetlands). The North-West region of Morocco has been hosting regularly, during the last decade, between 31 and 91% of the Moroccan wintering population, which is mainly concentrated in two marshlands: Merja de Fouwarate and Merja de Sidi Boughaba. A small reservoir, Barrage Hassar, recently created in the Centre-Atlantic region, has also been, in recent years, one of the most important wintering sites of the species. 15 wetlands have hosted, at least once during the last decade, more than 1% of the regional population of “West Mediterranean/North and West Africa”. This work is an important step to a better knowledge of the Ferruginous duck’s population. This knowledge is the basis for adopting adequate measures for the conservation of the species at the national and international level.