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Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 190174, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/190174
Research Article

Occupational Hepatitis B Exposure: A Peek into Indian Dental Students’ Knowledge, Opinion, and Preventive Practices

1Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sri Aurobindo College of Dentistry, Indore, Madhya Pradesh 453555, India
2Department of Prosthodontics, Hazaribag College of Dental Sciences, Jharkhand 825301, India
3Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sarjug Dental College and Hospital, Bihar 846003, India
4Department of Oral Medicine Diagnosis and Radiology, Sri Aurobindo College of Dentistry, Indore, Madhya Pradesh 453555, India
5Department of Prosthodontics, Dental College, RIMS, Imphal, Manipur 795004, India

Received 30 May 2015; Revised 14 August 2015; Accepted 19 August 2015

Academic Editor: P. A. C. Maple

Copyright © 2015 Sandeep Kumar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To determine the level of knowledge, opinions, and preventive practices followed by dental students against Hepatitis B. The study also explored if any correlation existed between knowledge, opinion, and preventive practices score. Materials and Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a dental teaching institution. The subjects comprised 216 dental students. The study was conducted using a pretested, self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire was prepared to assess knowledge, opinion, and preventive practices against Hepatitis B. Kruskal-Wallis and Kendall Tau test were performed. Results. The study found that only 44.4% of the students were vaccinated with Hepatitis B vaccine. 59.3% of the students reported washing their hands after contact with patient’s body fluids. 63.9% used personal protective measures like facemask, aprons, head cap, eye shields, and so forth, while treating patients. Median knowledge, opinion, and practice scores were found to be 5.00, 3.00, and 3.00, respectively. Significant correlation was obtained between knowledge and preventive practices score (, value ). Conclusion. Effective measures need to be taken to improve preventive practices of the students to prevent them from risk of Hepatitis transmission. Mandatory vaccination against Hepatitis B needs to be implemented.