Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases
Volume 2015, Article ID 960131, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/960131
Research Article

Diagnosis and Treatment of Childhood Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Cross-Sectional Study of Practices among Paediatricians in Private Sector, Mumbai

1School of Health Systems Studies, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Sion-Trombay Road, Deonar, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400 088, India
2Centre for Public Health, School of Health Systems Studies, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Sion-Trombay Road, Deonar, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400 088, India

Received 27 May 2015; Accepted 4 August 2015

Academic Editor: Thomas Nyirenda

Copyright © 2015 Carolyn Kavita Tauro and Nilesh Chandrakant Gawde. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. World Health Organization (WHO), Global Tuberculosis Report 2014, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2014, http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/137094/1/9789241564809_eng.pdf?ua=1.
  2. P. J. Dodd, E. Gardiner, R. Coghlan, and J. A. Seddon, “Burden of childhood tuberculosis in 22 high-burden countries: a mathematical modelling study,” The Lancet Global Health, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. e453–e459, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. TB India 2014: RNTCP Status Report, Central TB Division. Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi, India, 2014, http://www.tbcindia.nic.in/pdfs/TB%20INDIA%202014.pdf.
  4. H. E. Jenkins, A. W. Tolman, C. M. Yuen et al., “Incidence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis disease in children: systematic review and global estimates,” The Lancet, vol. 383, no. 9928, pp. 1572–1579, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. V. Raman and J. W. Bjorkman, Public-Private Partnerships in Health Care in India: Lessons for Developing Countries, Taylor & Francis, 2009.
  6. M. Uplekar, V. Pathania, and M. Raviglione, “Private practitioners and public health: weak links intuberculosis control,” The Lancet, vol. 358, no. 9285, pp. 912–916, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. K. Kapoor, A. V. Raman, K. S. Sachdeva, and S. Satyanarayana, “How did the TB patients reach DOTS services in Delhi? a study of patient treatment seeking behavior,” PLoS ONE, vol. 7, no. 8, Article ID e42458, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. W. Uplekar and D. S. Shepard, “Treatment of tuberculosis by private general practitioners in India,” Tubercle, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 284–290, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. W. Uplekar, S. K. Juvekar, S. D. Parande et al., “Tuberculosis management in private practice and its implications,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 43, pp. 19–22, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  10. N. Singla, P. P. Sharma, R. Singla, and R. C. Jain, “Survey of knowledge, attitudes and practices for tuberculosis among general practitioners in Delhi, India,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 384–389, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. S. Thakur, S. S. Kar, A. Sehgal, and R. Kumar, “Private sector involvement in tuberculosis control in Chandigarh,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 53, pp. 149–153, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  12. Z. F. Udwadia, L. M. Pinto, and M. W. Uplekar, “Tuberculosis management by private practitioners in Mumbai, India: has anything changed in two decades?” PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 8, Article ID e12023, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. E. Shimeles, A. Aseffa, L. Yamuah, H. Tilahun, and H. Engers, “Knowledge and practice of private practitioners in TB control in Addis Ababa,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 1172–1177, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Chakaya, M. Uplekar, J. Mansoer et al., “Public-private mix for control of tuberculosis and TB-HIV in Nairobi, Kenya: outcomes, opportunities and obstacles,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 1274–1278, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. J. van der Werf, M. W. Langendam, E. Huitric, and D. Manissero, “Knowledge of tuberculosis-treatment prescription of health workers: a systematic review,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 1248–1255, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  16. M. W. Langendam, M. J. van der Werf, E. Huitric, and D. Manissero, “Prevalence of inappropriate tuberculosis treatment regimens: a systematic review,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 1012–1020, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. TCTA, International Standards for Tuberculosis Care (ISTC), Tuberculosis Coalition for Technical Assistance, The Hague, The Netherlands, 2006.
  18. A. Yadav, S. K. Garg, H. Chopra et al., “Treatment practices in pulmonary tuberculosis by private sector physicians of Meerut, Uttar Pradesh,” The Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 161–164, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Achanta, J. Jaju, A. M. V. Kumar et al., “Tuberculosis management practices by private practitioners in Andhra Pradesh, India,” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 8, Article ID e71119, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Bharaswadkar, A. Kanchar, N. Thakur et al., “Tuberculosis management practices of private practitioners in Pune Municipal Corporation, India,” PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 6, Article ID e97993, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Registrar General of India, “Mumbai (Greater Mumbai) City Census 2011 data,” http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/365-mumbai.html.
  22. N. Mistry, M. Tolani, and D. Osrin, “Drug-resistant tuberculosis in Mumbai, India: an agenda for operations research,” Operations Research for Health Care, vol. 1, no. 2-3, pp. 45–53, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. TCTA, International Standards for Tuberculosis Care (ISTC), Tuberculosis Coalition for Technical Assistance, The Hague, The Netherlands, 2nd edition, 2009.
  24. Y. K. Amdekar, “Consensus statement on childhood tuberculosis,” Indian Pediatrics, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 41–55, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  25. S. Van Zyl, B. J. Marais, A. C. Hesseling et al., “Adherence to antituberculosis chemoprophylaxis and treatment in children,” The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 10, pp. 13–18, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  26. M. M. Weismuller, S. M. Graham, N. J. M. Claessens, S. Meijnen, F. M. Salaniponi, and A. D. Harries, “Diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis in Malawi: an audit of hospital practice,” The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 432–438, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. Satyanarayana, R. Shivashankar, R. P. Vashist et al., “Characteristics and programme-defined treatment outcomes among childhood tuberculosis (TB) patients under the national TB programme in Delhi,” PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 10, Article ID e13338, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. F. Lalya, I. E. Ocheke, M. Hounnou-d'Almeida et al., “Paediatric tuberculosis at the national teaching hospital CNHU-HKM of Cotonou, Benin: a retrospective study,” West African Journal of Medicine, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 263–266, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. Uplekar, S. Juvekar, S. Morankar, S. Rangan, and P. Nunn, “Tuberculosis patients and practitioners in private clinics in India,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 324–329, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. P. R. Donald, D. Maher, and S. Qazi, “A research agenda to promote the management of childhood tuberculosis within national tuberculosis programmes,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 370–380, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. M. Graham, “Research into tuberculosis diagnosis in children,” The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 581–582, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. Turkova, S. B. Welch, J. Y. Paton et al., “Management of paediatric tuberculosis in leading UK centres: unveiling consensus and discrepancies,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 18, no. 9, pp. 1047–1056, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. World Health Organization, Policy Statement: Commercial Serodiagnostic Tests for Diagnosis of Tuberculosis, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011.
  34. M. Pai and J. Das, “Management of tuberculosis in India: time for a deeper dive into quality,” The National Medical Journal of India, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 65–68, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. C. Nikam, M. Kazi, C. Nair et al., “Evaluation of the Indian TrueNAT micro RT-PCR device with GeneXpert for case detection of pulmonary tuberculosis,” International Journal of Mycobacteriology, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 205–210, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. A. K. Detjen, A. R. DiNardo, J. Leydan et al., “Xpert MTB/RIF assay for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” The Lancet, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 451–461, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar