Journal of Addiction / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Smoking and Other Drug Characteristics of Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Prisoners in Australia

Table 1

Demographics and offending history by Aboriginality.

CharacteristicsSmoking cessation RCT2009 NSW Inmate Health Survey
Aboriginal men
% ( )
Non-Aboriginal men
% ( )
Total men
% ( )
Aboriginal men
% ( )
Non-Aboriginal men
% ( )
Total men
% ( )

Mean age (±SD)32.0 (9.7)33.8 (10.2)33.5 (10.2)34.1 (11.8)36.1 (13.7)35.5 (13.2)
Age group
 <25 years28.122.223.137.133.534.6
 25–29 years23.419.420.08.910.610.0
 30–39 years21.929.928.718.517.017.5
 40+ years26.628.528.235.539.037.9
Aboriginal origin15.132.5
Country of birth: Australia100.070.274.999.672.781.4
Left school with no qualification56.341.343.572.542.552.3
Mean age when left school (+SD)14.5 (1.7)15.3 (2.0)15.1 (2.0)14.6 (1.3)14.6 (1.2)14.6 (1.2)
Institutionalised as a child
(juvenile detention and/or placed in care)
56.334.637.961.0*†
32.9* 
42.0* 
Being homeless prior to prison9.46.77.113.910.111.3
Employed while in prison67.272.972.055.661.559.6
Offending history
 Previously incarcerated76.661.563.880.755.964.0
 Median number adult prison terms (+SD)3.0 (3.4)2.0 (2.8)2.0 (2.9)3.0 (3.8)2.0 (3.0)2.0 (3.3)
 Incarcerated 5+ years at baseline15.618.618.19.312.311.3
 Sentence length 5+ years35.933.834.129.842.338.4
Health status
 SF-12: mean physical component score51.8 (8.9)52.4 (7.0)52.3 (7.3)51.7 (9.7)52.0 (10.2)51.9 (10.0)
 SF-12: mean mental component score43.2 (7.0)44.2 (6.5)44.1 (6.6)44.6 (15.1)44.3 (14.2)44.4 (14.5)
 Insufficient physical activity23.422.722.820.723.922.8
 High blood pressure (140+ sys or 90+ dias)1.65.04.514.514.814.7
 Fair/poor self-rated health23.416.317.424.822.523.3

Statistically significant comparing Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal male inmates. N/A: not available. *Ever juvenile detention ever placed in care as a child.