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Journal of Addiction
Volume 2013, Article ID 591521, 6 pages
Research Article

Therapist’s Gender and Gender Roles: Impact on Attitudes toward Clients in Substance Abuse Treatment

School of Social Sciences and Humanities, 33014 University of Tampere, Finland

Received 10 August 2012; Revised 5 November 2012; Accepted 12 November 2012

Academic Editor: Gallus Bischof

Copyright © 2013 Tytti Artkoski and Pekka Saarnio. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of the present study was to investigate the impact of therapist’s gender and gender roles on attitudes toward clients. Attitudes toward motivational interviewing were also a focus as MI can be hypothesized to be feminine rather than masculine in nature. The subjects ( ) were Finnish substance abuse therapists. Their attitudes toward clients were measured using a vignette task. Results indicated that female therapists were significantly more positive toward clients than were male therapists. Although females were significantly more feminine than males, they saw themselves as masculine as the males did. The more feminine the therapist was, the more s/he preferred MI. In the future, an examination of this kind should be combined with measurement of treatment processes and outcomes.