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Journal of Addiction
Volume 2014, Article ID 354767, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/354767
Research Article

Age Differences in the Longitudinal Relationship between Work-Family Conflict and Alcohol Use

1485 SPHPI, Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1601 West Taylor Street, M/C 912, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
2481 SPHPI, Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1601 West Taylor Street, M/C 912, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
3469 SPHPI, Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1601 West Taylor Street, M/C 912, Chicago, IL 60607, USA

Received 11 October 2013; Revised 4 December 2013; Accepted 6 December 2013; Published 28 January 2014

Academic Editor: Gallus Bischof

Copyright © 2014 Jennifer M. Wolff et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Research on the relationship between work-family conflict and alcohol use has generally shown small effects possibly due to failure to include important individual differences relevant to the experience of work-family conflict and alcohol use, notably age. This study examined whether the relationships between aspects of work-family conflict and alcohol use variables differed by age. Participants were 543 individuals (51.2% women) from a community sample of working adults in the greater Chicagoland area who responded to a mail survey at three time points. Results showed important differences between age groups in several predictors of alcohol use. Strain versus time-based conflict had different effects on drinking, and strain-based forms of work-family conflict were related to increased problematic alcohol use depending on age. This study indicates that individual differences, particularly age, should be systematically accounted for when studying the relationship between work-family conflict and alcohol use.