Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Addiction
Volume 2015, Article ID 197652, 10 pages
Research Article

Comorbid Psychopathology and Alcohol Use Patterns among Methadone Maintenance Treatment Patients

1Psychiatric Department, “Sotiria” General Hospital of Chest Disease, Mesogeion 152, 11527 Athens, Greece
2Organization against Drugs (OKANA), Mesogeion 152, 11527 Athens, Greece
3Department of Psychiatry, Athens University Medical School, Vas. Sofias 72-74, 11528 Athens, Greece

Received 30 December 2014; Revised 27 February 2015; Accepted 8 March 2015

Academic Editor: Gallus Bischof

Copyright © 2015 Georgios Moussas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


130 patients from a methadone maintenance treatment program agreed to complete Symptoms Checklist 90-Revised (SCL-90R) and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) self-report scales. Scores higher than the proposed cut-score on SCL-90R scale were observed on depression, obsessions-compulsions, paranoid ideation, anxiety, anger-hostility, somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, and psychoticism subscales. In sum, 42.9% of our sample exhibited depressive symptomatology, 34.9% obsessive-compulsive symptoms, 29.1% somatization, 27.2% anxiety symptoms, 22.2% paranoid ideation, 19% phobic anxiety, 15.1% psychoticism, and 15.1% hostility and 11.9% presented with symptoms of interpersonal sensitivity. Mean score on AUDIT scale was . 63.0% of our participants scored below cut-off and were classified as having a low level of alcohol-related problems; 24.4% scored in the range of 8–15 which is an indication of alcohol abuse whereas 12.6% scored 16 and above indicative of serious abuse/addiction. Scores on AUDIT scale were positively correlated with length of time on methadone treatment, but not with length of time on drug use or age of our participants. Positive correlations were observed among AUDIT and SCL-90R scores, namely, with global severity index score, positive symptom distress index, positive symptom total, and all primary symptom dimensions subscales except phobic anxiety.