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Journal of Addiction
Volume 2015, Article ID 876582, 11 pages
Research Article

Neighborhood Characteristics Associated with the Availability of Alcohol Outlets in Quebec, Canada

1Centre de Réadaptation en Dépendance de Montréal, Institut Universitaire, 950 rue de Louvain Est, Montréal, QC, Canada H2M 2E8
2Centre for Research and Intervention on Suicide and Euthanasia (CRISE), Université du Québec à Montréal, 100 Sherbrooke Street West, Montréal, QC, Canada H2X 3P3
3Spatial Analysis and Regional Economics Laboratory, Université du Québec, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre Urbanisation Culture Société, 385 rue Sherbrooke Est, Montréal, QC, Canada H2X 1E3
4Bureau d’Information et d’Études en Santé des Populations, Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec (INSPQ), 190 boulevard Crémazie Est, Montréal, QC, Canada H2P 1E2
5Department of Sexology, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888, Succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, QC, Canada H3C 3P8
6Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Douglas Mental Health University Institute Research Centre, QC, Canada

Received 17 October 2014; Revised 12 January 2015; Accepted 5 February 2015

Academic Editor: Hervé Kuendig

Copyright © 2015 André Ngamini Ngui et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objectives. The objectives of this study were to examine the spatial accessibility to alcohol outlets in Quebec and to assess the association between neighborhood level characteristics and availability of alcohol outlets. Methods. The Tobit Model was used to assess the association between neighborhood level characteristics and the availability of alcohol outlets within 500, 1000, 2000, and 3000 metres, respectively. Results. Alcohol outlets were found to be most available in the two largest metropolitan areas of the province of Quebec (Montréal and Québec City). Within 1000 metres, alcohol outlets are more available in neighbourhoods with the following characteristics: highest concentration of men, least materially deprived highest concentration of persons aged 20 years or more, and location either in a metropolitan area or in a small town. Finally, the number of bars with video lottery terminals increases with the level of social and material deprivation. Conclusion. In Québec, there is no rule governing the location of alcohol outlets. Thus, there is an abundant literature indicating that the regulation of alcohol outlet density could be an effective means of controlling risk attributable to alcohol consumption.