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Journal of Applied Mathematics
Volume 2004, Issue 2, Pages 91-106
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S1110757X04402095

Numerical studies of viscous incompressible flow between two rotating concentric spheres

Department of Mathematics, University of Benin, PMB 1154, Benin, Nigeria

Received 13 February 2004; Revised 12 March 2004

Copyright © 2004 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The problem of determining the induced steady axially symmetric motion of an incompressible viscous fluid confined between two concentric spheres, with the outer sphere rotating with constant angular velocity and the inner sphere fixed, is numerically investigated for large Reynolds number. The governing Navier-Stokes equations expressed in terms of a stream function-vorticity formulation are reduced to a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations in the radial variable, one of second order and the other of fourth order, by expanding the flow variables as an infinite series of orthogonal Gegenbauer functions. The numerical investigation is based on a finite-difference technique which does not involve iterations and which is valid for arbitrary large Reynolds number. Present calculations are performed for Reynolds numbers as large as 5000. The resulting flow patterns are displayed in the form of level curves. The results show a stable configuration consistent with experimental results with no evidence of any disjoint closed curves.