Research Article  Open Access
Wei Zhou, Jianmin He, "Intuitionistic Fuzzy Normalized Weighted Bonferroni Mean and Its Application in Multicriteria Decision Making", Journal of Applied Mathematics, vol. 2012, Article ID 136254, 22 pages, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/136254
Intuitionistic Fuzzy Normalized Weighted Bonferroni Mean and Its Application in Multicriteria Decision Making
Abstract
The Bonferroni mean (BM) was introduced by Bonferroni six decades ago but has been a hot research topic recently since its usefulness of the aggregation techniques. The desirable characteristic of the BM is its capability to capture the interrelationship between input arguments. However, the classical BM and GBM ignore the weight vector of aggregated arguments, the general weighted BM (WBM) has not the reducibility, and the revised generalized weighted BM (GWBM) cannot reflect the interrelationship between the individual criterion and other criteria. To deal with these issues, in this paper, we propose the normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (NWBM) and the generalized normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (GNWBM) and study their desirable properties, such as reducibility, idempotency, monotonicity, and boundedness. Furthermore, we investigate the NWBM and GNWBM operators under the intuitionistic fuzzy environment which is more common phenomenon in modern life and develop two new intuitionistic fuzzy aggregation operators based on the NWBM and GNWBM, that is, the intuitionistic fuzzy normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (IFNWBM) and the generalized intuitionistic fuzzy normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (GIFNWBM). Finally, based on the GIFNWBM, we propose an approach to multicriteria decision making under the intuitionistic fuzzy environment, and a practical example is provided to illustrate our results.
1. Introduction
Multicriteria decision making is the pervasive phenomenon in modern life, which is to select the best or optimal alternative from several alternatives or to get their ranking by aggregating the performances of each alternative under some criteria, in which the aggregation operators play an important role. As many different types of criteria relationships exist in the real world there is a need for many types of formal aggregation operations to enable the modeling of these numerous types of relationships. In response to this need a formal mathematical discipline called aggregation theory is emerging [1–4]. In this paper, we contribute to this theory by looking at the Bonferroni mean (BM), proposing the normalized weighted BM (NWBM) and the generalized normalized weighted BM (GNWBM) and developing the generalized intuitionistic fuzzy normalized weighted BM (GIFNWBM) and its application in multicriteria decision making.
Bonferroni [5] originally introduced a meantype aggregation operator called the Bonferroni mean, which can provide for the aggregation lying between the max and min operators and logical “oring” and “anding” operators. A prominent characteristic of BM is that it cannot only consider the importance of each criterion but also reflect the interrelationship of the individual criterion. Recently, Yager [6] further studied the BM and provided an interpretation of BM as involving a product of each argument with the average of the other arguments, and where the BM was shown to be suitable for modeling various concepts, such as hard and soft partial conjunction and disjunction [7] and boundedness similar to kintolerance [8, 9]. Furthermore, Yager [6] extends the BM replacing the simple average by other meantype operators, such as the Choquet integral [10] and the ordered weighted averaging operator [11], as well as associates differing importance with the arguments. Mordelová and Rückschlossová [12] also investigated the generalizations of BM referred to as ABCaggregation functions. Beliakov et al. [1] further extended the BM by considering the correlations of any three aggregated arguments instead of any two and proposed the generalized Bonferroni mean (GBM). Nevertheless, the arguments suitable to be aggregated by the BM and GBM can only take the forms of crisp numbers rather than any other types of arguments, which restrict the potential applications of the BM to more extensive areas. In the real world, due to the increasing complexity of the socioeconomic environment and the lack of knowledge and data, crisp data are sometimes unavailable. Thus, the input arguments may be more suitable with representation of fuzzy formats, such as fuzzy number [13], intervalvalued fuzzy number [14], intuitionistic fuzzy value [15], intervalvalued intuitionistic fuzzy value [16], and hesitant fuzzy element [17, 18]. Therefore, Xu and Yager [19] applied the BM to intuitionistic fuzzy environment and introduced the intuitionistic fuzzy Bonferroni mean (IFBM) and the intuitionistic fuzzy weighted Bonferroni mean (IFWBM), Xu and Chen [20] further applied the BM to intervalvalued intuitionistic fuzzy environment and introduced the intervalvalued intuitionistic fuzzy Bonferroni mean (IIFBM) and the intervalvalued intuitionistic fuzzy weighted Bonferroni mean (IIFWBM).
It is noted that the BM, GBM, IFBM, and IIFBM ignore the weight vector of the aggregated arguments, although the IFWBM and the IIFWBM consider this issue, we cannot, respectively, obtain IFBM and IIFBM when all the weights of the aggregated arguments are the same, that is, these two operators have not reducibility, which seems to be counterintuitive. To deal with this issue, Xia et al. [21] proposed the revised BM and revised generalized weighted Bonferroni mean (GWBM), which take into the weight vector and reducibility and extended them to intuitionistic fuzzy environment. However, a question arises, that is, the revised BM and the GWBM just reflect the correlationship between the individual criterion and all criteria, which is not an interrelationship between the individual criterion and other criteria represented in the BM. Therefore, to further develop BM, we propose the normalized weighted BM (NWBM) and the generalized normalized weighted BM (GNWBM). The main advantage of the NWBM and the GNWBM is that they can not only consider weight vector and interrelationship of the individual criterion which is similar to the IFWBM and the IIFWBM but also have the reducibility like the GWBM. Based on the NWBM and GNWBM operators, we develop the intuitionistic fuzzy normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (IFNWBM) and the generalized intuitionistic fuzzy normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (GIFNWBM), on the basis of which an approach to multicriteria decision making is also proposed.
The remainder of this paper is organized as follows. We briefly review some basic concepts and operations of the IFV and BM, in Section 2. Section 3 proposes the NWBM and GNWBM operators and studies their desirable properties. Section 4, the IFNWBM operator is proposed, and then its corresponding generalized form is also given. A practical example is provided in Section 5 to demonstrate the application of the generalized intuitionistic fuzzy normalized weighted Bonferroni mean. The paper ends in Section 6 with concluding remarks.
2. Basic Concepts and Operations
In this section, we introduce some basic notions and operations related to the intuitionistic fuzzy value and the Bonferroni mean.
2.1. Intuitionistic Fuzzy Values
Definition 2.1 (see [15]). Let be fixed. An intuitionistic fuzzy set (IFS) in can be defined as
where and satisfy for all and and are, respectively, called the degree of membership and the degree of nonmembership of the element to .
Furthermore, is called the hesitation degree of to , which represents the indeterminacy degree. For computational convenience, Xu [22] named the pair an intuitionistic fuzzy value (IFV) denoted as with the conditions and . The set of IFVs is denoted as . To compare and calculate the IFVs, Chen and Tan [23] introduced the score function to get the score value of , and Hong and Choi [24] defined the accuracy function to evaluate the accuracy degree of . Based on the score function and the accuracy function, Xu and Yager [25] gave a total order relation between two IFVs and , as follows:if , then ;if , then
(i) if , then ; (ii) if , then .
Definition 2.2 (see [22, 25]). Let , and be three IFVs, then following operational laws are valid:(1);(2);(3);(4).
2.2. Bonferroni Means
The Bonferroni mean was originally introduced by Bonferroni [5] and intensively investigated by Yager [6], which was defined as follows.
Definition 2.3 (see [5]). Let and be a collection of nonnegative numbers. If
then is called the Bonferroni mean (BM).
One interpretation of the Bonferroni Mean is as a kind of combined “anding” and “averaging” operator [6]. Then, here we see that indicates the degree to which both criteria and are satisfied under the given conditions and the special case when . There exists another interesting way to view this aggregation operator and described as follows.
We see that the term is the power average satisfaction of all criteria except . We will denote this as . Thus
Here then is the power average satisfaction to all criteria except and represent the interrelationship between and other criteria , which is also the prominent characteristic of the BM. Based on the BM, Beliakov et al. [1] further extended and generalized the BM to the generalized Bonferroni mean (GBM) by considering the correlations of any three aggregated arguments instead of any two.
Definition 2.4 (see [1]). Let and be a collection of nonnegative numbers. If
then is called the generalized Bonferroni mean (GBM).
It is obvious that the GBM reduces to the BM if , and the GBM can represent the interrelationship of any three criteria. Here, we see that the term is the power average satisfaction of all criteria correlationship except , denote as . Thus
The above BM and GBM can only deal with the situation that the arguments are represented by real number but are invalid if the aggregation information is given in other forms, such as the IFV, which is a widely used technique to deal with uncertainty and vagueness. To deal with this issue, Xu and Yager [19] extended the BM to intuitionistic fuzzy environment and gave the following definition.
Definition 2.5 (see [19]). Let , and be a collection of intuitionistic fuzzy values. The intuitionistic fuzzy Bonferroni mean (IFBM) and the intuitionistic fuzzy weighted Bonferroni mean (IFWBM) are, respectively, defined as
However, it is noted that the BM, GBM, and IFBM ignore the weight vector of the aggregated arguments, although the IFWBM considers this issue, we cannot obtain the IFBM when all the weights of the aggregated arguments are the same, that is, these IFWBM operator has not the reducibility, which seems to be counterintuitive. Therefore, to deal with these issues, Xia et al. [21] proposed the generalized weighted Bonferroni mean (GWBM) based on the GBM and described as follows.
Definition 2.6 (see [21]). Let , and be a collection of nonnegative numbers with the weight vector such that and . If
then is called the generalized weighted Bonferroni mean (GWBM).
If , then the GWBM reduces to the revised GBM, that is,
which reflects the reducibility.
Similarly, we can transform the GWBM into the following form:
However, a question arises, that is, the GWBM just considers the whole correlationship between the criterion and all criteria and cannot reflect the interrelationship between the individual criterion and other criteria which is the main advantage of the BM. To further overcome this drawback, we propose the following NWBM and GNWBM operators.
3. Normalized Weighted BM and Generalized Normalized Weighted BM
The classical BM and GBM ignore the weight vector of aggregated arguments, the general weighted BMs (WBM) have not reducibility, and the revised generalized BM (GWBM) cannot reflect the interrelationship between the individual criterion and other criteria. To deal with these issues, in the following subsections, we propose the normalized weighted versions of BM and GBM, that is, the normalized weighted BM (NWBM) and the generalized normalized weighted BM (GNWBM).
3.1. NWBM
Definition 3.1. Let and be a collection of nonnegative numbers with the weight vector such that , and . If
then is called the normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (NWBM).
Then, we can transform the NWBM into the interrelationship NWBM form as follows:
We see that the term is the weighted power average satisfaction of all criteria except and . We denote the term as . Thus
Here then is the weighted power average satisfaction to all criteria except , and represents the interrelationship between the individual criterion and other criteria which is similar to the BM.
Moreover, the NWBM has the following properties.
Property 1 (Reducibility). Let and be a collection of nonnegative numbers with the weight vector , then
Proof. Since , then by Definition 3.1, we have which complete the proof of the property.
Property 2 (Idempotency). Let and be a collection of nonnegative numbers with the weight vector , such that , and . If all are equal, that is, , for all , then
Proof. Since , then which complete the proof of the property.
Property 3 (Monotonicity). Let , and be two collections of nonnegative numbers with the weight vector , such that and . If , for all , then
Proof. Since for all , and , then Therefore, which complete the proof.
Property 4 (Boundedness). Let and be a collection of nonnegative numbers with the weight vector , such that , and , then
Proof. By Property 2, we can get Since , then based on Property 3, we have which complete the proof of the theorem.
3.2. GNWMB
In this subsection, we further extend the NWBM to the generalized normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (GNWBM) by considering the correlation of any three aggregated arguments instead of any two based on the GBM
Definition 3.2. Let , and be a collection of nonnegative numbers with the weight vector such that , and . If
then is called the generalized normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (GNWBM).
Furthermore, we can transform the GNWBM into the interrelationship GNWBM form as follows:
We see that the term is the weighted power average satisfaction of all criteria except , with . The term is the weighted power average satisfaction of all criteria except and , with . Here then represents the interrelationship between any three aggregated arguments, which is similar to the GBM. Especially, if , then the GNWBM reduces to the NWBM.
Moreover, the GNWBM has the following properties.
Property 5 (Reducibility). Let and be a collection of nonnegative numbers with the weight vector , then
Proof. Since , then by Definition 3.2, we can get which complete the proof of the property.
Property 6 (Idempotency). Let and be a collection of nonnegative numbers with the weight vector , such that and . If all are equal, that is, , for all , then
Proof. The proof of Property 6 is similar to Property 2.
Property 7 (Monotonicity). Let and be two collections of nonnegative numbers with the weight vector , such that and . If , for all , then
Proof. The proof of Property 7 is similar to Property 3.
Property 8 (Boundedness). Let and be a collection of nonnegative numbers with the weight vector , such that and , then
Proof. The proof of Property 8 is similar to Property 4.
4. Intuitionistic Fuzzy Normalized Weighted BM and Generalized Intuitionistic Fuzzy Normalized Weighted BM
To aggregate the intuition fuzzy correlated information, Xu and Yager [19] proposed the IFBM and IFWBM, and Xia et al. [21] proposed the GIFWBM. However, according to the aforementioned analysis, there are some drawbacks in the IFWBM and the GIFWBM, respectively. To solve these issues, and motivated by the GBM, we propose the intuitionistic fuzzy normalized weighted BM (IFNWBM) and the generalized intuitionistic fuzzy normalized weighted BM (GIFNWBM) based on the NWBM and GNWBM and describe as follows.
4.1. IFNWBM
Definition 4.1. Let and be a collection of IFVs with the weight vector such that and . If then is called the intuitionistic fuzzy normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (IFNWBM).
On the basis of the operational laws of IFVs, we have the following theorem.
Theorem 4.2. Let and be a collection of IFVs with the weight vector , such that and , then the aggregated value by using the IFNWBM is also an IFV and
Proof. By the operational laws for IFVs, we have then In addition, since then which completes the proof of the theorem.
Moreover, the IFNWBM also has the following properties.
Property 9. If all are equal, that is, , for all , then
Proof. Since , we have which completes the proof.
Property 10. Let and be two collections of IFVs, if and , for all , then
Proof. Since and , for all , then
then
Therefore,
Let and and set and be the score values of and , then (4.12) is equal to . Now we discuss the following two cases.
Case 1. If , then by the total order relation between two IFVs, we have
Case 2. If , then
Since and , for all , we can get
Therefore, and
which complete the proof of the property.
Property 11. Let be a collection of IFVs, and is any permutation of , then
Proof. Since is any permutation of , then Therefore, which complete the proof.
Property 12. Let be a collection of IFVs, and then
Proof. Since and , then based on Properties 9 and 10, we have Likewise, we can get which complete the proof of the property.
4.2. GIFNWBM
Definition 4.3. Let and be a collection of IFVs with the weight vector such that , and . If then is called the generalized intuitionistic fuzzy normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (GIFNWBM).
On the basis of the operational laws of IFVs, we can drive the following theorem.
Theorem 4.4. Let and be a collection of IFVs with the weight vector , such that and , then the aggregated value by using the GIFNWBM is also an IFV and
Proof. The proof of Theorem 4.4 is similar to Theorem 4.2.
Furthermore, the GIFNWBM also has the following properties.
Property 13. If all are equal, that is, , for all , then
Proof. The proof of Property 13 is similar to Property 9.
Property 14. Let and be two collections of IFVs, if and , for all , then
Proof. The proof of Property 14 is similar to Property 10.
Property 15. Let be a collection of IFVs and is any permutation of , then
Proof. The proof of Property 15 is similar to Property 11.
Property 16. Let be a collection of IFVs, and then
Proof. The proof of Property 16 is similar to Property 12.
5. An Approach to Intuitionistic Fuzzy Multicriteria Decision Making
In what follows, we apply the GIFNWBM operator to intuitionistic fuzzy multicriteria decision making, which involves the following steps.
Step 1. For a multicriteria decision making problem, set be a set of alternatives, be a set of criteria, whose weight vector is , satisfying , and , where denotes the important degree of . The performance of with respect to is measured by an IFV , where indicates the degree that satisfies and indicates the degree that does not satisfy , such that , and , and the intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix contains all . If all the criteria are the benefit type, then the performance values do not need normalization. Whereas there are, generally, benefit criteria (the bigger the performance values the better) and cost criteria (the smaller the performance values the better) in multicriteria decision making, in such cases, we may transform the performance values of the cost type into the performance values of the benefit type. by Xu and Hu’s approach [26]. Then, the intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix can be transformed into the normalization matrix where where , and is the complement of such that .
Step 2. Utilize the GIFNWBM operator: to aggregate all the preference values of the line and get the overall performance value corresponding to the alternative .
Step 3. Calculate the score valued and the accuracy degree of the overall performance value and utilize the total order relation between two IFVs to rank the overall performance value .
Step 4. Rank all the alternatives in accordance with in descending order, and then, select the most desirable alternative with the largest score value.
Let us give a practical example to illustrate the proposed approach in the intuitionistic fuzzy multicriteria decision making procedure.
Example 5.1. There is an investment company, which wants to invest a sum of money in the best option (adapted from Herrera and HerreraViedma [27]). There is a panel with four possible alternatives to invest the money, in which is a car company, is a fast food chains company, is an arms company, is a software company. The investment company must make a decision according to five criteria: is the growth analysis, is the environment impact analysis, is the risk analysis, is the social impact analysis, is the profitability analysis. The weight vector of the criteria is . Assume that the characteristics of the alternatives with respect to the criteria are represented by the IFVs , where indicates the degree that the alternative satisfies the criterion and indicates the degree that the alternative does not satisfy the criterion .
To get the optimal alternative(s), the following steps are given.
Step 1. Based on (5.1), we normalize to and construct the normalization intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix (see Table 1).

Step 2. Aggregate all the preference values of the line, and get the overall performance value corresponding to the alternative by the GIFNWBM operator (here we let ):
Step 3. Calculate the score of the overall performance value :
Step 4. Rank all the alternatives in accordance with . Since , then by the total order relation between two IFVs, we have the ranking of the IFVs: . Hence, is the best option.
In Step 2, if we take , we can get
Then, we calculate the score values of all the alternatives:
Therefore, , and is still the optimal alternative.
By the aforementioned numeral results, the optimal investment decision is the car company . It should be noted out that the whole ranking of the alternatives has changed. The produces the ranking of all the alternatives as , which is slightly different from the ranking of alternatives , derived by the , that is, the ranking of and is reversed while the ranking of the other alternatives is kept unchanged. Therefore, we can see that the value derived by the GIFNWBM operator depends on the choice of the parameters , and , and these parameters are not robust. In general, the bigger parameters , and , the more the calculation effort needed, and in the special case where at least two of these parameters take the value of zero, the GIFNWBM cannot capture the interrelationship of the individual arguments. As a result, in practical applications, we generally take the values of these parameters as , which is not only intuitive and simple but also the interrelationship of the individual argument can be fully taken into account [21].
6. Concluding Remarks
To aggregate the intuitionistic fuzzy information, a lot of aggregation operators have been developed and investigated, especially, the ones which reflect the interrelationship of the aggregated arguments are the hot research topics, among which the Bonferroni mean (BM) is an important aggregation technique. The desirable characteristic of the BM is its capability to capture the interrelationship between the input arguments. To further develop the BM, we have proposed the normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (NWBM) and the generalized normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (GNWBM) whose characteristics are to reflect the preference and interrelationship of the aggregated arguments and can satisfy the basic properties of the aggregation techniques simultaneously. To aggregate the IFVs, the intuitionistic fuzzy normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (IFNWBM) operator and the generalized intuitionistic fuzzy normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (GIFNWBM) operator have been developed and discussed. Furthermore, some desirable properties of the IFNWBM operator and the GIFNWBM operator are investigated in detail. To deal with the situation that the criteria have connections in intuitionistic fuzzy multicriteria decision making, an approach has been proposed on the basis of the GIFNWBM operator. It is worth noting that the results of this paper can be extended to the intervalvalued intuitionistic fuzzy environment and the hesitant fuzzy environment.
Acknowledgments
This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 71071034), National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program, no. 2010 CB32810402), Funding of Jiangsu Innovation Program for Graduate Education (no. CXZZ0183), and Academic New Artist Ministry of Education Doctoral Post Graduate.
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Copyright © 2012 Wei Zhou and Jianmin He. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.