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Journal of Applied Mathematics
Volume 2013, Article ID 247234, 6 pages
Research Article

Exact Solutions to the Sharma-Tasso-Olver Equation by Using Improved -Expansion Method

Department of Mathematics, Honghe University, Mengzi, Yunnan 661100, China

Received 20 November 2012; Accepted 9 February 2013

Academic Editor: Hak-Keung Lam

Copyright © 2013 Yinghui He et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper is concerned with a double nonlinear dispersive equation: the Sharma-Tasso-Olver equation. We propose an improved -expansion method which is employed to investigate the solitary and periodic traveling waves of this equation. As a result, some new traveling wave solutions involving hyperbolic functions, the trigonometric functions, are obtained. When the parameters are taken as special values, the solitary wave solutions are derived from the hyperbolic function solutions, and the periodic wave solutions are derived from the trigonometric function solutions. The improved -expansion method is straightforward, concise and effective and can be applied to other nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics.