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Journal of Applied Mathematics
Volume 2013, Article ID 431794, 9 pages
Research Article

A Secure Implementation of a Symmetric Encryption Algorithm in White-Box Attack Contexts

School of Software Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200184, China

Received 21 July 2013; Accepted 17 September 2013

Academic Editor: Sabri Arik

Copyright © 2013 Yang Shi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In a white-box context, an adversary has total visibility of the implementation of the cryptosystem and full control over its execution platform. As a countermeasure against the threat of key compromise in this context, a new secure implementation of the symmetric encryption algorithm SHARK is proposed. The general approach is to merge several steps of the round function of SHARK into table lookups, blended by randomly generated mixing bijections. We prove the soundness of the implementation of the algorithm and analyze its security and efficiency. The implementation can be used in web hosts, digital right management devices, and mobile devices such as tablets and smart phones. We explain how the design approach can be adapted to other symmetric encryption algorithms with a slight modification.