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Journal of Applied Mathematics
Volume 2013, Article ID 436254, 13 pages
Research Article

Hopf Bifurcation Analysis for a Four-Dimensional Recurrent Neural Network with Two Delays

1Key Laboratory of Advanced Process Control for Light Industry (Ministry of Education), Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
2School of Management Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Finance and Economics, Bengbu 233030, China

Received 22 July 2013; Accepted 14 October 2013

Academic Editor: Carlos J. S. Alves

Copyright © 2013 Zizhen Zhang and Huizhong Yang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A four-dimensional recurrent neural network with two delays is considered. The main result is given in terms of local stability and Hopf bifurcation. Sufficient conditions for local stability of the zero equilibrium and existence of the Hopf bifurcation with respect to both delays are obtained by analyzing the distribution of the roots of the associated characteristic equation. In particular, explicit formulae for determining the direction of the Hopf bifurcation and the stability of the bifurcating periodic solutions are established by using the normal form theory and center manifold theory. Some numerical examples are also presented to verify the theoretical analysis.