Research Article | Open Access

Xia Zhou, Shouming Zhong, "Coefficient Matrix Decomposition Method and BIBO Stabilization of Stochastic Systems with Time Delays", *Journal of Applied Mathematics*, vol. 2013, Article ID 586095, 9 pages, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/586095

# Coefficient Matrix Decomposition Method and BIBO Stabilization of Stochastic Systems with Time Delays

**Academic Editor:**Nazim Idrisoglu Mahmudov

#### Abstract

The mean square BIBO stabilization is investigated for the stochastic control systems with time delays and nonlinear perturbations. A class of suitable Lyapunov functional is constructed, combined with the descriptor model transformation and the decomposition technique of coefficient matrix; thus some novel delay-dependent mean square BIBO stabilization conditions are derived. These conditions are expressed in the forms of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs), whose feasibility can be easily checked by using Matlab LMI Toolbox. Finally, three numerical examples are given to demonstrate that the derived conditions are effective and much less conservative than those given in the literature.

#### 1. Introduction

Because of the finite switching speed, memory effects, and so on, time delay is unavoidable in technology and nature, which commonly exists in various mechanical, chemical engineering, physical, biological, and economic systems. It can make the concerned control systems become of poor performance and unstable, which leads to the difficulty of hardware implementation of the control system. Thus, the stability of time-delay systems has been widely investigated. See [1–7] and some references therein. For systems with small delay, a model transformation technique is often used to transform the system with discrete delay into a system with distributed delay; the advantage of this transformation is to transform the original system to an equivalent descriptor from representation and additional dynamics in the systems will not be introduced. The delay-dependent stabilization criteria obtained by the coefficient matrix decomposition method are usually less conservative than some existing ones. Please refer to [3]. In recent years, bounded-input bounded-output (BIBO) stabilization has been investigated by many researchers in order to track out the reference input signal in real world; see [5–22] and some references therein. In [15, 16], the sufficient condition for BIBO stabilization of control systems with no delays is proposed by the Bihari-type inequality. In [6, 7], the BIBO stabilization of the systems without distributed time delays was investigated by employing the parameters technique and the Gronwall inequality. In [17–19], some BIBO stabilization criteria for a class of delayed control systems with nonlinear perturbations were established, based on Riccati equations, by constructing appropriate Lyapunov functions. In [20], the BIBO stabilization problem of a class of piecewise switched linear systems was further investigated.

However, up to now, these previous results have been assumed to be in deterministic systems, including continuous time deterministic systems and discrete time deterministic systems, but seldom in stochastic systems (see [21, 22]; in [21] Fu and Liao got several mean square BIBO stabilization criteria in terms of Razumikhin technique and comparison principle. In [22], Zhou and Zhong discussed the mean square BIBO stabilization of the stochastic delay system with nonlinear perturbations by auxiliary algebraic Riccati matrix equations). In practice, stochastic control systems are more applicable to problems that are environmentally noisy in nature or related to biological realities. Thus, the BIBO stabilization analysis problems for stochastic control case are necessary.

Motivated by the previous discussions, this paper mainly aims to study the BIBO stabilization in mean square for the stochastic control systems with time delays and nonlinear perturbations. Based on the descriptor model transformation and the decomposition technique of coefficient matrix, some sufficient conditions guaranteeing BIBO stabilization in mean square are obtained. Finally, three numerical examples provided to demonstrate the derived conditions are valid and much less conservative than those given in the literature.

*Notations 1. *The notations are quite standard. Throughout this letter, and denote, respectively, the -dimensioned Euclidean space and the set of all real matrices. The superscript “” denotes the transpose and the notation (resp., ) means that and are symmetric matrices and that is positive semidefinitive (respective positive definite). is the Euclidean norm in . is the identity matrix with compatible dimension. is a matrix, denoted by as its operator norm; that is, , where (resp., ) means the largest (resp., smallest) eigenvalue of . Moreover, let be a complete probability space with a filtration satisfying the usual conditions (i.e., the filtration contains all -null sets and is right continuous). stands for the mathematical expectation operator with respect to the given probability measure . The asterisk in a matrix is used to denote term that is induced by symmetry. Matrices, if not explicitly specified, are assumed to have compatible dimensions. Sometimes, the arguments of function will be omitted in the analysis when no confusion can arise.

#### 2. Problem Formulation and Preliminaries

Consider the stochastic control system described by the following equation: where , and are the state vector, control input, and control output of the system, respectively. are discrete time delays, and . , and are constant matrices with appropriate dimensional, is an -dimensional standard Brownian motion defined on a complete probability space with a natural filtration , and is the nonlinear vector-valued perturbation bounded in magnitude as where , are known positive constants.

To obtain the control law described by (1) and to track out the reference input of the system, we let the controller be in the form of where is the feedback gain matrix and is the reference inputs.

At the end of this section, let us introduce some important definitions and lemmas which will be used in the sequel.

*Definition 1 (see [21]). *A vector function is said to be an element of , if , where denotes the Euclid norm in , or the norm of a matrix.

*Definition 2 (see [21]). *The nonlinear stochastic control system (1) is mean square BIBO stabilization, if one can construct controller (3) such that the output satisfies
where are positive constants.

*Definition 3 (see [21], operator). *Let Lyapunov functionals ; its infinitesimal operator , acting on functional , is defined by

Lemma 4 (see [23]). *For any constant symmetric matrix , , scalar , and vector function , such that the integrations in the following are well defined, and then
*

Lemma 5 (see [24]). *Let and any positive-definite matrix . Then, one has
*

#### 3. BIBO Stabilization for Nonlinear Stochastic Systems

To derive delay-dependent mean square stabilization conditions, which include the information of the time delay , one usually uses the fact to transform the original system to a system with distributed delays. Let us decompose the coefficient matrix as , where are constant matrices. Then the original system (1) can be represented in the form of the descriptor system with discrete and distributed delays:

Letting be a new operator, we have To guarantee that the difference operator given by (10) is stable, we assume the following [25]:A1:let , where is any matrix norm.

For the mean square BIBO stabilization of the system described by (9) and (3), we have the following results.

Theorem 6. *For any given positive constants , the nonlinear stochastic control system (1) with the controller (3) is mean square BIBO stabilization, if there exist symmetric positive-definite matrices , , , , and , such that
**
and the linear matrix inequality
**
with
*

*Proof. *We define a Lyapunov functional as
where
Taking the operator of along the trajectory of system (1), we have
where
with

By Lemmas 4 and 5, (2), and Definition 1 we conclude that
Taking the operator of , , along the trajectory of system (1), we get
Combining (20) with (22), we have
Let . If (11) and LMI (12) hold, we have
Under an assumption that for all , then
where + + + + .

Thus, according to Theorem 1.3 in page 331 of [26], it can easily be gotten that
If not, there exist , such that for all , and we get
In view of Ito’s formula, we obtain
By (24), (27), and (28), we get
So,
By (26) and (30), we get
Thus
where
By Definition 2, the nonlinear stochastic control system (1) is mean square BIBO stabilization. This completes the proof.

Theorem 7. *For any given positive integer , , the nonlinear stochastic control system (1) with controller (3) is mean square BIBO stabilization, if there exist symmetric positive-definite matrices , and some positive constants , , and such that
**
and the linear matrix inequality
**
holds, where
*

*Proof. *We define a Lyapunov functional as
where
Taking the operator of along the trajectory of system (1), by (2), (34), and Definition 1, we have
where
with
Pre- and postmultiplying (36) by , we can obtain
Then, by Lemmas 4 and 5, (40), and (43), we conclude that
Taking the operator of , along the trajectory of system (1), we get
Combining (44) with (46), we have
Let − − − − − − ; we have
The rest of the proof is essentially the same as Theorem 6 and hence is omitted. This completes the proof.

If the stochastic term disappears, the control system (9) reduces to

We have the following stabilization results.

Corollary 8. *For any given positive constants , the nonlinear stochastic control system (1) with the controller (3) is BIBO stabilization, if there exist symmetric positive-definite matrices , , , , and , such that
**
and the linear matrix inequality
**
with
*

Corollary 9. *For any given positive integer , the nonlinear stochastic control system (49) with the controller (3) is BIBO stabilization, if there exist symmetric positive-definite matrix and some positive constants , , and such that
**
and the linear matrix inequality
**
holds, where
*

#### 4. Examples

In this section, Example 1 will be presented to show that the mean BIBO stabilization conditions in Theorem 6 are valid, Example 2 will be presented to show that the BIBO stabilization conditions in Corollary 8 are valid, and Example 3 will be presented to show that the derived conditions are much less conservative than those given in the literature [20].

*Example 1. *As a simple application of Theorem 6, consider the stochastic control system (1) with control law (3); the parameters are given by
, , , , , , , , and . Let us decompose matrix , where
By using the Matlab LMI Toolbox, we solve LMI (12) and obtain the feasible solutions as follows:
From the above formula, we can see that condition (11) is met. The stabilizing feedback gain matrix is given by
Meanwhile, we obtain the maximum value . This example shows that the mean square BIBO stabilization conditions in Theorem 6 are valid.

*Example 2. *Let us consider the delayed control system (49) with parameters given by
, , , , , , and .

Let us decompose matrix , where
Now we use Corollary 8 in this paper to study the problem. By using the Matlab LMI Toolbox, we obtain the feasible solutions as follows:
From the above formula, we can see that condition (50) is met. The stabilizing feedback gain matrix is given by
Meanwhile, we obtain the maximum value .

*Example 3. *For the convenience of comparison, let us consider a delayed control system (49) with parameters given by
, and .

Now we use Corollary 9 in this paper to study the problem; let us decompose matrix , where
By using the Matlab LMI Toolbox, solving LMI (55), we can get
and , , and . In order to verify condition (54), we give the parameters as follows:
From the above formula, we can see that condition (54) is met. The stabilizing feedback gain matrix is given by
Meanwhile, solving LMI (55), the maximum value of for BIBO stabilization of system (49) is . In [20], its is . The maximum value of in this example in our paper is larger than this in [20]. This example shows that the BIBO stabilization conditions in this paper are less conservative than these in [20]. The essential reasons why the stability conditions we have given are less conservative are that we decompose the coefficient matrix in a proper way.

#### 5. Conclusions

The problem of the mean square BIBO stabilization for the stochastic control systems with delays and nonlinear perturbations is investigated. A class of suitable Lyapunov functional combined with the descriptor model transformation and the decomposition technique of coefficient matrix is constructed to derive some novel delay-dependent BIBO stabilization criteria. Numerical examples have shown that the derived conditions are valid and improvements over the existing results are significant.

#### Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the editor and the reviewers for their detailed comments and valuable suggestions which have led to a much improved paper. The work of Xia Zhou is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 11226140), the Anhui Provincial Colleges and Universities Natural Science Foundation (no. KJ2013Z267), and Fuyang Teachers College Natural Science Foundation (no. 2012FSKJ08). The work of Shouming Zhong is supported by National Basic Research Program of China (no. 2010CB732501).

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#### Copyright

Copyright © 2013 Xia Zhou and Shouming Zhong. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.