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Journal of Applied Mathematics
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 586872, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/586872
Research Article

A Physically Based Runoff Model Analysis of the Querétaro River Basin

1División de Estudios de Posgrado, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Cerro de las Campanas S/N Centro, 76000 Querétaro, QRO, Mexico
2Centro Interamericano de Recursos del Agua (CIRA), Facultad de Ingeniería, Cerro de Coatepec CU, 50110 Toluca, MEX, C.P., Mexico
3División de Estudios de Posgrado, Facultad de Contabilidad y Administración, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Cerro de las Campanas S/N Centro, 76000 Querétaro, QRO, Mexico

Received 19 August 2013; Revised 25 November 2013; Accepted 25 November 2013; Published 16 February 2014

Academic Editor: Y. P. Li

Copyright © 2014 Carlos Javier Villa Alvarado et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Today the knowledge of physical parameters of a basin is essential to know adequately the rainfall-runoff process; it is well known that the specific characteristics of each basin such as temperature, geographical location, and elevation above sea level affect the maximum discharge and the basin time response. In this paper a physically based model has been applied, to analyze water balance by evaluating the volume rainfall-runoff using SHETRAN and hydrometric data measurements in 2003. The results have been compared with five ETp different methodologies in the Querétaro river basin in central Mexico. With these results the main effort of the authorities should be directed to better control of land-use changes and to working permanently in the analysis of the related parameters, which will have a similar behavior to changes currently being introduced and presented in observed values in this basin. This methodology can be a strong base for sustainable water management in a basin, the prognosis and effect of land-use changes, and availability of water and also can be used to determine application of known basin parameters, basically depending on land-use, land-use changes, and climatological database to determine the water balance in a basin.